Hanukkah (Hanukah / Hanuka / Chanukah) is a festival of lights that is symbolized by the candelabrum known as a menorah. I recently read that menorah refers to a candelabrum with one too few candles and is not the right term; that chanukiah is to be preferred, but I don't know. Do you? If so, please comment.
Hanukkah celebrates a lighting miracle when one night's worth of oil lit candles for 8 days. Special foods and gift-giving are also a part of Hanukkah.
Barry Strauss writes about the importance of Hanukkah for the West.