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N.S. Gill

A God for the Month - A Solstice God

By December 9, 2013

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(ll. 109-120) First of all the deathless gods who dwell on Olympus made a golden race of mortal men who lived in the time of Cronos when he was reigning in heaven.

Cronos/Saturn with sickle and grain attributes
And they lived like gods without sorrow of heart, remote and free from toil and grief: miserable age rested not on them; but with legs and arms never failing they made merry with feasting beyond the reach of all evils. When they died, it was as though they were overcome with sleep, and they had all good things; for the fruitful earth unforced bare them fruit abundantly and without stint. They dwelt in ease and peace upon their lands with many good things, rich in flocks and loved by the blessed gods.

Section on The Golden Age, from Hesiod on The Ages of Man
Rulers of the world during the Golden Age, the two humanoid Titans, Rhea and Cronos, married and produced the gods and goddesses of Mt. Olympus. It wasn't a smooth relationship, though, since Cronos was aware of a prophesy that he would suffer a fate similar to his father's -- with his mother's connivance and an adamantine sickle, Cronos had castrated his sire. Cronos didn't want to be overthrown, and so swallowed the children Rhea gave birth to.

Cronos (also spelled Kronos, Kronus, or Cronus) is not the same as Chronos. Chronos is a personification of time, often confused with Cronos.

In Rome, Cronus was blended with the local agricultural god Saturn whose solstice festival was celebrated each year as the Saturnalia.

Read more about Cronos.

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