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Assyria Babylonia and Sumer ANE
Guide picks
History of Sumer, Babylonia and Assyria, and the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians.

Aramaic
The language which Jesus spoke was the ancient semitic language of Aramaic. Some of the Dead Sea Scrolls were written in Aramaic. Aramaic was also the official language of the Assyrians.

Assyria
From your Guide, an introduction to the Assyrians who, when they conquered, forced the natives into exile.

Babylonia
From your Guide, an introduction to Babylonia, the powerful, long-lasting successor to Sumer/Akkad.

Sumer
From your Guide, a quick look at the place about which they say history begins.

Hittites
Ancient inhabitants of north Syria, Asia Minor, and Anatolia, the Hittites of Hatti left hieroglyphic records. The Hittites brought Mesopotamian ideas into Asia Minor and from there to Greece. The Hittites made early use of iron.

Abzu Mailing List / Discussion Group Index
Index of mailing lists and discussion groups on topics and research in ancient Near Eastern studies.

The Akkadians
Richard Hooker's short essay on the Semitic people who lived on the Arabic peninsula from 2340-2125 BC. From World Cultures site.

Babylonia
From The Catholic Encyclopedia. Geography, history, the Arabian Dynasty, the Chaldean Empire, Bible references, religion, civilization, and literature.

Babylonian Ancient Civilization History
Information on the Babylonians of ancient Mesopotamia and Hammurabi, Nebuchadnezzar II, Tower of Babel, Babylon, Hanging Gardens, Babylonian Exile.

The Babylonians
Map, timeline, information on the ziggurats, horticulture, the pantheon, irrigation, and much more.

Berossus and Babylonian History
Dynasties and dates of Babylonian kings.

Race and Slavery in the Middle East
By Bernard Lewis. The earliest slaves were captives taken in warfare. Kidnapped children also became slaves.

Shining New Light on Assyrian Palace
Explore ancient Near Eastern art at The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Included are features on King Ashurnasirpal II, excavations at Nimrud, and a map of the Assyrian empire.

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