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The Greek Goddess Artemis

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Statue of Artemis, from the temple of Artemis at Ephesus

Statue of Artemis, from the temple of Artemis at Ephesus

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Definition:

Profile of Artemis > Basics

The Artemis of Greek mythology was a virgin goddess who valued chastity so strenuously she killed mortals for violations, protected animals and girls, aided in childbirth, and used her skill as an archer to kill swiftly, although she could also heal.

Family: the sister of Apollo and the daughter of Zeus and Leto (usual version).

Activities: Artemis is depicted driving a golden chariot, delighting in arrows and the hunt, and leading the Graces and Muses in dance. During the Trojan War, Agamemnon had to placate Artemis by sacrificing his daughter Iphigenia to her at Aulis. Some versions say a merciful Artemis replaced Iphigenia with a stag at the last moment before Agamemnon killed her.

Moon: You may think of Artemis as the moon goddess, but conventionally one of the female Titans, Selene, had power over the moon earlier in mythology. Nonetheless, Artemis came to be associated with the moon when her brother Apollo came to be associated with the sun.

Gods and Goddesses Index

Also Known As: Diana
Common Misspellings: Artimis Artimes

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