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Picus

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Image ID: 1623748. Circe transforms Picus into a woodpecker.  [Picus in Picum Auem Mutatus.] (16--).

Image ID: 1623748. Circe transforms Picus into a woodpecker. [Picus in Picum Auem Mutatus.] (16--).

NYPL Digital Library
Definition: Picus is also called Picumnus, he was credited with discovering the use of manure in agriculture. He is called son of Stercutus or Sterquilinus (dung) in consequence. He is the father of Faunus, who was equated with the Greek god Pan. Another legend claims Picus was a warlike hero, the earliest king of Latium, a wealthy man whom Circe changed into a woodpecker.
"Three Poets Observe Picus"
Theodora Stillwell Mackay
The American Journal of Philology, Vol. 96, No. 3 (Autumn, 1975), pp. 272-275

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