Who Is Pan?:
Pan, the noisy goat-footed god of the Greeks, looks after shepherds and woods, is a capable musician, and invented the instrument named for him, panpipes. He leads the nymphs in dances. He stirs up panic
. He is worshiped in Arcadia and is associated with sexuality.
Family of Origin:
There are various versions of the birth of Pan. In one, his parents are Zeus
and Hybris. In another, the most common version, his father is Hermes
; his mother, a nymph. In another version of his birth, Pan's parents are Penelope, wife of Odysseus and her mate, Hermes or, possibly, Apollo
. In the bucolic Greek poet of the third century B.C. Theocritus, Odysseus
is his father.
Pan was born in Arcadia.
The Roman name for Pan is Faunus.
The attributes or symbols associated with Pan are woods, pastures, and the syrinx -- a flute. He is depicted with goat's feet and two horns, and wearing a lynx-pelt. In the Pan Painter's vase, a goat-headed and tailed young Pan pursues a youth.
Death of Pan:
In his Moralia Plutarch
reports a rumor about the death of Pan, who as a god, couldn't die, at least in principle.
Ancient sources for Pan include: Apollodorus, Cicero, Euripides, Herodotus, Hyginus, Nonnius, Ovid, Pausanias, Pindar, Plato, Statius, and Theocritus.
Timothy Gantz' Early Greek Myths itemizes many details about the Pan traditions.