- Satura quidem tota nostra est
Quintilian Institutio Oratoria 10.1.93
There were two types of satire: the one traced to Lucilius, in hexameter; the other, traced to Varro, in the mixed prose and verse we now call Menippean. Although Lucilius is called the father of satire, he didn't invent it out of whole cloth. Ennius and Pacuvius had already written satirical poems. Even earlier, the great Greek epic poets had staked a claim to the meter Lucilius chose. As William J. Dominik and William T. Wehrle point out in Roman Verse Satire: Lucilius to Juvenal, this choice of the grand meter, dactylic hexameter, is deliberate parody.
Dominik and Wehrle, as the title explains, look only at the verse form, represented by Lucilius, Persius, Horace, and Juvenal.
- O curas hominum! o quantum est in rebus inane!
(Oh the cares of human beings! Oh how much emptiness there is in things!)
"num censes calliplocamon callisphyron ullamEven the very literal translation and implicit explanation of the Greek borrowings calliplocamon and callisphyron don't fully reveal what Lucilius is talking about -- especially with foreknowledge of the scathing indictments of women yet to come in Juvenal. In such a case the notes Dominik and Wherle provide (explaining that no people are free of fault) are particularly useful.
non licitum esse uterum atque etiam inguina tangere mammis
Surely you don't think that any woman with beautiful locks and beautiful ankles
could not touch her belly and even her groin with her breasts"
"quid, cum est Lucilius aususThe second satirist, Quintus Horatius Flaccus (65-8 B.C.), is generally more familiar than the other 3. Dominik and Wehrle only include 2 of his sermones.
primus in hunc operis componere carmina morem,
detrahere et pellem, nitidus qua quisque per ora
"What! When Lucilius first dared
to compose his work's poems in this manner,
and to peel off the skin in which each paraded gleaming
Satire 2.8 62-65