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4000-1000 B.C. Sumerian Timeline

  • 4000 - Sumerians arrive in Mesopotamia.
  • 3800 - Sumerians supplant Ubaidians in Mesopotamia and start cities.
  • 2800 - Kish, the dominant city, challenged by Lagash;
    Semites dominate Kish.
  • 2700 - Sumerian King, Gilgamesh, rules the city of Uruk.
  • 2340 - Sargon (a Sumerian in the city of Kish) overthrows the Sumerian king of Nippur. Sargon's new kingdom is called Akkad;
    Sargon extends his kingdom to Syria.
  • 2320 - Sargon conquers Sumer.
  • 2230 - Akkadian dynasty ends.
  • 2150 - Nomadic Gutians overruns Akkadians and Sumer, but Sumer revives.
  • 2130 - Sumer regains independence from Akkadian rule.
  • 2000 - Hittites migrate to Asia Minor.
  • 1950 - Elamites from Zagros attack Sumer. They overrun the Syrian Amorites.
    Amorites go to Babylon to create colonies with Ashur as center of a kingdom that will be called Assyria.
  • 1753 - Ammorite King Hammurabi conquers all of Sumer. Hammurabi rules to 1750. His empire lasts until 1600, when the Kassites conquer most of Mesopotamia.
  • 1800 - Kassites defeat the Babylonians.
  • 1593 - Hittites sack Babylon and end Hammurabi's dynasty.
  • 1365 - Ashur the Great, King of Assyria marries his daughter to a Babylonian.
  • 1300 - The Assyrians control all of Mesopotamia.
  • 1200 - Hittites' capital Hattusas is wiped out (plague); Phrygians move in.
  • 1050 - Cosmopolitan area, with tolerance for diverse ethnicity.
  • 1000 - Assyrian Empire.

Chronology provided by Dubsar, the Ancient Sumerian Scribe [url = www.dubsar.com/nippur].

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