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Maps of Ancient Egypt

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The Orient c. 1450 B.C.
The Orient c. 1450 B.C.

The Orient c. 1450 B.C.

Perry-Castañeda Library Historical Atlas by William R. Shepherd http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/
Orient comes from a Latin word for rising (oriens). Since the east is the direction from which the sun appears to rise, orient basically refers to those to the east of the Greco-Romans. This map of Egypt from c. 1450 B.C. shows Egypt proper and areas controlled by Egypt, including Syria. Other dominant civilizations to the east of Egypt are Assyria and Babylonia, with the Phoenicians controlling much of the eastern coast of the Mediterranean and the metal-rich island of Cyprus.

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