Aeolus, in Greek mythology, according to Homer, was the son of
Hippotes, a god and the father of the winds. Aeolus was ruler of the island of
Aeolia. In the Odyssey (x. I) he entertains Odysseus
gives him a favourable wind to help him on his journey, and
a bag in which the unfavourable winds have been confined.
Out of curiosity, or with the idea that it contains valuable
treasures, Odysseus' companions open the bag; the winds escape
and drive them back to the island, whence Aeolus dismisses them
with bitter reproaches. According to Virgil, Aeolus dwells on
one of the Aeolian islands to the north of Sicily, Lipara or
Strongyle (Stromboll), where he keeps the winds imprisoned in
a vast cavern (Virgil, Aen. i. 52). Another genealogy makes
him the son of Poseidon and Arne, granddaughter of Hippotes,
and a descendant of Aeolus, king of Magnesia in Thessaly, the
mythical ancestor of the tribe of the Aeolians (Diodorus iv. 67).