Name: Alexander III of Macedon
Dates: c. 20 July 356 B.C. - 10 June 323.
Place of Birth and Death: Pella and Babylon
Dates of Rule: 336-323
Parents: Philip II of Macedonia and Olympias
Occupation: Ruler and Military Leader
Alexander the Great was the son of King Philip II of Macedonia and one of his wives, Olympias, a daughter of the non-Macedonian King Neoptolemus I of Epirus. At least, that's the conventional story. As a great hero, there are other more miraculous versions of the conception.
Alexander was born around July 20, 356 B.C. Being non-Macedonian made Olympias' status lower than the Macedonian woman Philip later married. As a result, there was much conflict between Alexander's parents.
As a Youth:
Our image of Alexander is youthful because that is how his official portraits portray him. See Photos of Alexander the Great in Art.
In 336 after his father was assassinated, he became ruler of Macedonia.
The Gordian Knot:
- Battle of the Granicus - 334 B.C. (western Turkey) against Persian satraps with Greek mercenaries.
- Battle of Issus - 333 B.C. (Hatay province of Turkey) against King Darius of Persia
- Battle of Gaugamela - 331 B.C. (northern Iraq) against King Darius of Persia
- Battle of the Hydaspes (Jhelum) - 326 B.C. (northern Punjab, in modern Pakistan) against King Poros, who ruled a small kingdom, but had war elephants. Near the end of Alexander's expansion. (Although Alexander had intended to go further, and was soon thwarted by his own men, he thought he was near the edge of the earth.)
In 323, Alexander the Great returned to Babylonia where he became ill suddenly, and died. The cause of his death is unknown. It could have been disease or poison. It might have had to do with a wound inflicted in India.
Alexander's successors were the Diadochi
When, in 324, he married Stateira, daughter of Darius, and Parysatis, daughter of Artaxerxes III, he did not repudiate the Sogdian princess Roxane. The wedding ceremony took place in Susa and at the same time, Alexander's friend Hephaestion married Drypetis, Stateira's sister. Alexander provided dowries so that 80 of his companions could also marry noble Iranian women.
Reference: Pierre Briant's Alexander the Great and His Empire.
- Herakles, son of Alexander's wife/mistress Barsine [Sources: Alexander the Great and His Empire, by Pierre Briant and Alexander the Great, by Philip Freeman, but join the discussion: Children of Alexander]
- Alexander IV, son of Roxane
Source: www.pothos.org/alexander.asp?paraID=71&keyword_id=12&title=Children Alexander the Great- Children