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Caria in Asia Minor.

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Asia Minor under the Greeks and Romans. Selection showing Caria in Asia Minor

Asia Minor under the Greeks and Romans. Selection showing Caria in Asia Minor

From The Historical Atlas by William R. Shepherd, 1923.
Caria, the second smallest province of Asia Minor is located on the southwest side of the peninsula. To the north, its border was the Maeander River. To the north was Lydia and to the east was Lycia. The most important town in Caria was Halicarnassus. Cos (Kos) and Cnidos (Knidos), home of Praxiteles Knidian Aphrodite (Cnidian Venus) were two other important Carian cities. Cnidos was home to the astronomer Eudoxus and the historian Ctesias. Cos had a famous healing facility and was the home of Hippocrates. The fourth century painter Apelles is also a Coan.

Caria was renowned for figs. Artemisia, the only female commander who joined the Persian fleet at the Battle of Salamis (480 B.C.), was from Caria.

Caria is now located in Turkey. Halicarnassus is now Bodrum.

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