Orientalist James Henry Breasted is credited with introducing the term fertile crescent, according to Albert T. Clay*. The term was part of "the fertile crescent, the shores of the desert bay". The area covered Breasted defines as:
"This fertile crescent is approximately a semicircle, with the open side toward the south, having the west end at the southeast corner of the Mediterranean, the center directly north of Arabia, and the east end at the north end of the Persian Gulf."
Breasted says it was the earliest home of men in this area of western Asia: People who had been largely nomadic and in need of pasturage for their flocks, found the area conducive to agriculture and settled down.
The fertile crescent permitted transport of soldiers and traders.
- *"The So-Called Fertile Crescent and Desert Bay"
Albert T. Clay
Journal of the American Oriental Society
Vol. 44, (1924), pp. 186-201.
- "Professor Giddings's Theory of History as Applied to the Ancient World"
Ruth E. Messenger
The Classical Weekly
Vol. 17, No. 21 (Mar. 31, 1924), pp. 161-166
- Ancient Times, a History of the Early World, by James Henry Breasted