Definition: Solomon (ruled 968-928) counts as one of the wisest men in the ancient world. His wisdom is celebrated in the story where he decides who is the true mother of a disputed baby. Solomon may have written the Biblical Song of Songs, the Book of Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes. He is thought to have been a real, historical figure.
Solomon was the last king of the United Monarchy (Judah and Israel). He built the temple in Jerusalem. His parents were King David and Bathsheba. King Solomon had great wealth and is credited with a large number of wives as well as concubines. He may have had copper mines.
Solomon ruled for 4 decades, dying, perhaps, at age 52.
Also Known As: Jedidiah (= "beloved of Yhwh"), according to Jewish Encyclopedia.com Solomon, which says Solomon means peaceful.
Examples: Biblical sources on the reign of Solomon are the Books of II Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles.