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Temple of Solomon

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Image ID: 1625070  [Side view of Solomon's temple as reconstructed in 1810] (1810)

Image ID: 1625070 [Side view of Solomon's temple as reconstructed in 1810] (1810)

© NYPL Digital Gallery SolomonCedars.jpg

Cèdres du Liban destinés a la construction du temple. Barbant, Charles and Doré, Gustave.

NYPL Digital Gallery
King Solomon, son of King David and Bathsheba, is renowned in the Old Testament for his God-given wisdom and riches. Among other lavish projects he undertook was the building of the first temple in Jerusalem. None of it remains. Prior to the temple was a movable tabernacle shrine (referred to as a "tent of meeting") assembled during the period in the wilderness following instructions given from God to Moses.

The Temple of Solomon held the Ark of the Covenant. In the courtyard was a gigantic bronze laver for ritual ablutions. I Kings 7 describes this massive "molten sea." The Biblical Book of 1 Kings 6 describes the building of the Temple with the cedar wood from Hiram of Tyre. The Jewish Virtual Library says it was built using slave labor over a period of 7 years. An altar for burnt offerings in the Temple of Solomon is described in II Chronicles 3 and Ezekial 43.

The Temple of Solomon or the First Temple is thought to have been built in the middle of the 10th century B.C., dedicated in 952, and was destroyed after about 350 years, in 586 B.C. by Nebuchadnezzar [see Babylonian Exile].

References for the Temple of Solomon

  • "King Solomon's Molten Sea and (π)"
    Albert Zuidhof
    The Biblical Archaeologist Vol. 45, No. 3 (Summer, 1982), pp. 179-184.
  • "Reconstructing Solomon's Temple"
    Paul Leslie Garber
    The Biblical Archaeologist Vol. 14, No. 1 (Feb., 1951), pp. 1-24.
  • "The Damaged 'Blueprints' of the Temple of Solomon"
    Leroy Waterman
    Journal of Near Eastern Studies Vol. 2, No. 4 (Oct., 1943), pp. 284-294.
  • "The Elusive Temple"
    Carol L. Meyers
    The Biblical Archaeologist Vol. 45, No. 1 (Winter, 1982), pp. 33-41.
  • "Reconstructing Solomon's Temple"
    Paul Leslie Garber
    The Biblical Archaeologist Vol. 14, No. 1 (Feb., 1951), pp. 1-24.

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