There is archaeological evidence of Israel at this time. It comes from the Merneptah Stele, which is currently dated to 1209 B.C. and says the people called Israel were wiped out by the conquering pharaoh (according to Biblical Archaeology Review) Although the Merneptah Stele is called the first extrabiblical reference to Israel, Egyptologists and Biblical scholars Manfred Görg, Peter van der Veen and Christoffer Theis suggest there may be one from two centuries earlier on a statue pedestal at the Egyptian Museum of Berlin.
For an English translation of the Merneptah Stele, see: "The Poetical Stela of Merneptah (Israel Stela) Cairo Museum 34025 (Verso)," Ancient Egyptian Literature Volume II: The New Kingdom by Miriam Lichtheim, University of California Press: 1976.
Ancient Eras (Almost Entirely B.C.)Page 1: Patriarchal Era
Page 2: Period of the Judges
Page 3: United Monarchy
Page 4: Divided Kingdom
Page 5: Exile and Diaspora
Page 6: Hellenistic Period
Page 7: Roman Occupation