Date of Battle: August 9, 48 B.C.
Victorious general: Julius Caesar
Loser: Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus
Date and Location of the Battle of PharsalusPart of the civil war between Pompey and Caesar, the Battle of Pharsalus was fought on August 9, 48 B.C. (according to the Julian Calendar -- June 6), in Pharsalus.
Pharsalus was a Greek town in Phthia (the name of the kingdom of Achilles' father Peleus) in southeastern Thessaly.
Historically, Thessaly had sent troops to support Athens against Sparta in the Peloponnesian War, and was captured by Philip of Macedonia.
Plutarch says Pompey commanded the right wing; Domitius, the left with the cavalry; and Scipio, the center.
Dio Cassius on The Battle of Pharsalus:
Lucan Book VII Pharsalia - Romans Killed in the Battle at Pharsalus:
- "Where flows the nation's blood, where beats the heart, knowing, he [Caesar] bids them spare the common herd, but seek the senators -- thus Rome he strikes, Thus the last hold of Freedom. In the fray, then fell the nobles with their mighty names of ancient prowess; there Metellus' sons, Corvini, Lepidi, Torquati too, not once nor twice the conquerors of kings, first of all men, Pompeius' name except, lay dead upon the field."
The End of Pompey:
Lucan Book VII Pharsalia - On the Roman Army Under Pompey:
"Reflected from their arms, th' opposing sun filled all the slope with radiance as they marched In ordered ranks to that ill-fated fight, and stood arranged for battle. On the left thou, Lentulus, had'st charge; two legions there, the fourth, and bravest of them all, the first: While on the right, Domitius, ever stanch, though fates be adverse, stood: in middle line the hardy soldiers from Cilician lands, in Scipio's care; their chief in Libyan days, to-day their comrade. By Enipeus' pools and by the rivulets, the mountain troops of Cappadocia, and loose of rein thy squadrons, Pontus: on the firmer ground Galatia's tetrarchs and the greater kings; and all the purple-robed, the slaves of Rome. Numidian hordes were there from Afric shores, there Creta's host and Ituraeans found full space to wing their arrows; there the tribes from brave Iberia clashed their shields, and there Gaul stood arrayed against her ancient foe. Let all the nations be the victor's prize, none grace in future a triumphal car; this fight demands the slaughter of a world."