St. Gregory of Nazianzus was a "golden-voiced" orator and one of the 8 great Doctors of the Church
(Ambrose, Jerome, Augustine, Gregory the Great, Athanasius, John Chrysostom, Basil the Great, and Gregory of Nazianzus).
The future saint was born c. 325 and died 389 near Nazianzus in Cappdocia. His parents were a Bishop Gregory of Nanzianus and Nonna.
He was ordained Bishop of Constantinople in 380.
Controveries / Heresies:
Gregory, who presided at the Council of Constantinople in 381, opposed the Arians and supported the Athanasian idea of the Trinity.
He left copious letters and an autobiographical poem.
Gregory is best known for his writing on the trinity known as Five Theological Orations. With Basil
, he compiled the Philokalia of Origen
. He wrote a funeral oration for Basil and much more.
Gregory and Basil studied together and their friendship influenced Christian theology. When the two studied together in Athens, the future emperor Julian
, known as the Apostate was one of their fellow students. Basil and Gregory were close but had a falling out over Basil's expectations for Gregory.
Go to Ancient / Classical History pages on Famous Romans.