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Soranus - Ancient Greek Doctor of Gynecology

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Definition: Soranus (fl. late 1st - early 2nd century A.D.) was a Greek so-called "Methodist" physician who practiced and wrote about gynecology. He came from Ephesus, and practiced medicine in Alexandria and Rome. His Gynecology includes information on a birthing stool, dilation of the cervix, and breathing techniques. Although his treatise is mainly concerned with the practical details of the birthing and the female anatomy, there are some elements that strike modern readers as pure superstition.

Source: Edith Gillian Clark "childbirth" The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization. Ed. Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth. Oxford University Press, 1998.

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