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An image of the god Cupid or Eros, from Keightley's Mythology, 1852.

An image of the god Cupid or Eros, from Keightley's Mythology, 1852.

Keightley's Mythology, 1852.
Definition: Eros is the name of a Greek god of love. Eros is also a Greek word for love, specifically the kind of love involved in sexual desire. Eros is also one of the primordial creatures, the complement to Chaos. Together Chaos and Eros created the universe. (See Creation Myths.) In addition to Eros being self-created, he has at least two other sets of possible parents, Aphrodite with Ares and Erebus with Nyx (Night). Eros is the god of love whom Psyche falls in love with in Apuleius' story. The Roman equivalent of Eros is the god Cupid, from the Latin for desire (cupido).

Don't confuse Eros, god of love, with Eris, goddess of strife.

Alternate Spellings: Ἔρως
Examples:
Q: What's a 4-letter word for the Greek love god?
A: Eros.

Go to Other Ancient / Classical History Glossary pages beginning with the letter

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