Nügua is a Chinese creator goddess who made man (as opposed to creator gods who make the universe or do both):
- by mixing yellow earth and water to form a doll and
- from a cord dragged through the mud.
Nügua is shown as half human, with a serpent or dragon's tail, and is associated with earth, water, and caves. Sometimes she holds a compass. One of the "Three August Ones," Nügua is a bringer of civilization.
Nügua is a sister-wife of Fu-Hsi, the first of the three sovereigns (2852-2697 B.C.). The pair is shown with intertwining snake-bottoms. The pair were treated as guardian spirits of the dead.
- "Divinity and Salvation: The Great Goddesses of China," by Lee Irwin; Asian Folklore Studies (1990)
- "The Snake in Chinese Belief," by Denise Chao; Folklore (1979)