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Comparisons Between Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome

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Social Classes of Greece and Rome
Customs and Costumes of the Ancient Greeks

Customs and Costumes of the Ancient Greeks

NYPL Digital Gallery

The social classes of Greece and Rome changed over time, but the basic divisions of early Athens and Rome consisted of free and freedmen, slaves, foreigners, and women. Only some of these were counted as citizens.

 

Greece

  • slaves
  • freedmen
  • metics
  • citizens
  • women.


Rome


Greek (at least Athenian) women were not citizens; Roman women were. Both societies were also divided according to wealth.

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