Books explaining the position of women in ancient Greek and Roman society either directly -- through select passages about women, written by men, or visual representation on art, or indirectly, by explaining the significance to women of the poetry, drama, philosophy, and medical and legal treatises.
Elaine Fantham, Helene Peet Foley, Natalie Boymel Kampen, and H. A. Shapiro present an illustrated survey of the lives of women from various social strata in the Classical World, giving equal weight to art and text.
Editors Mary R. Lefkowitz and Maureen B. Fant provide selections from ancient Greek and Roman poetry, drama, philosophy, and legal documents showing what life was like for ancient Greek and Roman women.
The first history of women from Ancient Greece and Rome from a legal perspective, Eva Cantarella sees the ancient cultures as misogynistic, but better for women than early Christian society.
History of women, and their men-assigned roles, in the Archaic and Classical Ages as seen through analysis of poetry, drama, Aristotle, legal documents, medical writing, vase paintings, and sculpture.
Editors A. P. M. H. Lardinois and Laura McClure use not only women as portrayed in literature, but also in actual letters written by women in Hellenistic Egypt to support the idea that women's speech was not separate and subordinate, but interrelated with men's.
The classic work, by Sarah B. Pomeroy, on the status of women in the ancient world where their roles were, by and large, limited to the title occupations.
Subtitled "Athenian Ideas about Citizenship and the Division Between the Sexes," Nicole Loraux' "Children of Athena" examines the literary background to the ambiguous position of the Athenian female.