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Epithet

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Definition: Epithet comes from the Greek for putting (something) on (something). It is a tag or nickname that can be used on its own or together with the real name. Epithets are popular in poetry because they round out the meter. They also help the reader remember and visualize characters.
Also Known As: Close sometimes: euphemism; kenning
Examples:

The name of Aeneas is usually coupled with the epithet "pious".

Odysseus is usually "crafty".

One of the epithets or euphemisms for Hades is "Ruler of Many".

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