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Ulysses carrying the Palladium

Ulysses carrying the Palladium

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Definition:

Ulysses is the Latin form of the name Odysseus commonly found in Vergil's Latin, Dante's Italian (Ulisse), and the English of Thomas Bulfinch, Alfred Lord Tennyson, and James Joyce. The Greek 'd' in Odysseus became a Latin 'l' in Ulysses.

Ulysses is the hero of the Odyssey, the Greek epic poem attributed to Homer. Ulysses spends 10 years trying to get back home to Ithaca after the Greeks win the Trojan War. Ulysses comes up with the idea of the Trojan Horse that permits the Greeks to get inside the Trojan city walls, torch the city, and go home. On his way home, Ulysses and his men encounter various monsters and have lots of adventures. Ulysses is known for his cunning, which he uses when his men find themselves stuck in the cave of the Cyclops Polyphemus. However, Ulysses' trick, which includes blinding Polyphemus, puts Ulysses on the bad side of the Cyclops' father, Poseidon (Neptune, since we're dealing with the Latin version). When Ulysses finally reaches his home island of Ithaca, he plots to take vengeance on the suitors who have been wooing his wife and eating his family out of hearth and home.

Go to Other Ancient / Classical History Glossary pages beginning with the letter

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Also Known As: Ὀδυσσεύς, Ulixes
Examples:
James Joyce wrote a novel called Ulysses that deliberately alludes to the Ulysses of the Odyssey. Another famous Ulysses was the 18th U.S. president, Ulysses S. Grant.

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