Veda means knowledge, and the Vedas are said to come from Lord Krishna. The Vedas contain knowledge about mundane necessities as well as spirituality essential for Hinduism and its predecessor, Brahmanism. The texts of the Vedas are called Samhitas
, and the Vedic prayers are known as Mantras
. The Rgveda
, the Yajurveda
, and the Atharvaveda
are the four books of the Vedas, in chronological order. The Rgveda
is thought to have been written, in Sanskrit (as are the others), between 1200 B.C. and 800 or 1500 and 1200, in the Punjab. In contrast:
Determining the Age of Saraswat Community
, from Archaeology Daily News, says Vedic scholar Dr. NS Rajaram suggests "Such sites [as Kunal and others along the Sarasvati River] are likely to date to 3500 BCE or earlier. These when found are likely to be from the Age of Rigveda."
Commentaries, including the Brahmanas, Aryanakas, and Upanishads are also called Vedic writing.
- George Michaels, Gregory L. Possehl, Charles Higham, Song Nai Rhee, Carla M. Sinopoli "Asia" The Oxford Companion to Archaeology. Brian M. Fagan, ed., Oxford University Press 1996.
- "Πανδαιη and Sītā: On the Historical Background of the Sanskrit Epics"
Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 122, No. 2, (Apr. - Jun., 2002), pp. 361-373