Who Is Isis? > Her Attributes and Symbols
The main goddess of the Egyptian pantheon, Isis is associated with pharaohs and the Underworld. The throne sign is used in hieroglyphs to represent Isis. Because she is often associated with the goddess Hathor (an Egyptian goddess shown as a cow with a sun disk), Isis is also often showed with cow horns and a sun disk on her head. As Isis lactans, she often nurses a boy (Horus or Harpocrates, in Greek). She may also have Hathor's sistrum or rattle. The ankh sign may also represent Isis as her girdle. Isis is identified with the uraeus and sometimes is depicted as a serpent.
- J. Gwyn Griffiths "Isis" The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt. Ed. Donald B. Redford, Oxford University Press, Inc., 2001
- "From Ishtar to Aphrodite," by Miroslav Marcovich; Journal of Aesthetic Education, 1996.