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What Were the 10 Plagues in Egypt?

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Moses in front of Pharaoh by Haydar Hatemi, Persian Artist.

Moses in front of Pharaoh by Haydar Hatemi, Persian Artist.

Public Domain. Courtesy of Wikipedia. Moses With the 10 Commandments, by Rembrandt, 1659.

Moses With the 10 Commandments, by Rembrandt, 1659.

Public Domain. Courtesy of Wikipedia. Moses and the Burning Bush and Aaron's Staff Swallows the Magicians.

Moses and the Burning Bush and Aaron's Staff Swallows the Magicians.

Public Domain. Courtesy of Wikipedia

Question: What Were the 10 Plagues in Egypt?

What are the 10 plagues in Egypt and where are they in the Bible?

Answer: List of the 10 Plagues

The 10 Plagues in Egypt appear in the Biblical book of Exodus. They precede the time when Moses led the Hebrew people into the wilderness. Here's the background:

Moses and his brother Aaron asked the pharaoh of Egypt to let the people of Israel leave Egypt in order to celebrate a feast in the wilderness to honor their God. The pharaoh didn't know their god and wouldn't let them off for a holiday.

God told Moses that He would demonstrate His power to convince the pharaoh. First, He would make the pharaoh more adamant against their leaving and then He would produce signs or portents, which turned out to be the 10 plagues.

When Moses and Aaron next approached the pharaoh, they produced a miracle: Aaron threw down his staff and it turned into a snake. This seemed less like a miracle from a god than magic to the Egyptians. Indeed, court sorcerers easily duplicated the feat. But then, Aaron's staff swallowed up the court sorcerers' staffs -- considerably more miraculous. Following divine orders, Moses then told the pharaoh that his rod would work a miracle. This would be the first of the 10 plagues of Egypt.

See: List of the 10 Plagues and Moses and the Egyptian Plagues.

Articles that may be of interest:
  • "The Plagues as Ecological Signs of Historical Disaster," by Terence E. Fretheim. Journal of Biblical Literature, Vol. 110, No. 3 (Autumn, 1991), pp. 385-396
  • "Moses as They Saw Him," by S. A. Nigosian. Vetus Testamentum, Vol. 43, Fasc. 3 (Jul., 1993), pp. 339-350.
  • Times Online has an article, "Plagues of Egypt 'caused by nature, not God'" about the validity of the plagues.

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