Terms to Know in Connection With Julius Caesar
Eburones - Germanic Tribe in Belgium
In 54 B.C. the Eburones, a Germanic tribe in the area now known as Belgium, revolted from Rome. The Eburones, like the Germans who later ambushed Varus in the Teutoberg Wald disaster, tricked the Romans, led them into an ambush, and rained missiles down on them.
Proscription was developed by Sulla as a way to dispose of the property of those who were condemned.
The Pontifex Maximus, the highest priest, emerged during the Republic. During the time of Julius Caesar there were 16 pontifices.
Generally, the office was awarded to an aged statesman, but a young Julius Caesar won the office of pontifex maximus in 63 B.C.
Proconsul - Roman Magistrate Known as Proconsul
Following a year as consul, Roman magistrates were appointed by the Senate or negotiated between themselves for which province they would govern. As governors of these provinces they were known as proconsuls.
Optimates were one of the factions of the Roman Republic.
Triumvirate - The First Triumvirate and the Second Triumvirate
A triumvirate in is a political alliance. In Rome, the first triumvirate was an unofficial one.
Ides of March - Assassination of Julius Caesar on the Ides of March 44 B.C.
Ides of March. Julius Caesar was assassinated on the Ides of March in 44 B.C. The Ides of March marked a point of time on the calendar.
Rubicon - Julius Caesar Crossed the Rubicon
Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon and launched a civil war.