- To create a noun denoting act, office, condition, or character, add the suffixes -(t)ium, -monium, -tas, -tus, -(t)ia, -ina to the noun stem.
- Iudicium (judgment) from iudic (stem of iudex, judge) + ium.
- Matrimonium (whence 'matrimony') from mater 'mother' + -monium.
- Virtus (whence 'virtue') from vir 'man' + -tus.
Also see these articles on words and word derivations:
- Latin Words in English I
English has lots of words of Latin origin. Some of these words are changed to make them more like other English words -- mostly by changing the ending (e.g., 'office' from the Latin officium), but other Latin words are kept intact in English. Of these words, there are some that remain unfamiliar and are generally italicized to show that they are foreign, but there are others that are used with nothing to set them apart as imported from Latin. You may not even be aware that they are from Latin. Here are some such words and abbreviations.
- Latin Words in English II
- On Translating Latin Into English
Whether you want to translate a short English phrase into Latin or a Latin phrase into English, you can not just plug the words into a dictionary and expect an accurate result. You can't with most modern languages, but the lack of a one-to-one correspondence is even greater for Latin and English.
- Latin Religious Words in English
If you want to say that the prospects are bleak, you could say "it doesn't augur well." Augur is used as a verb in this English sentence, with no particular religious connotation. In ancient Rome, an augur was a religious figure who observed natural phenomena, like the presence and location to left or right of birds, to determine whether the prospects were good or bad for a proposed venture. Find out about more such words.