By N.S. Gill
Grammar is a set of rules that make a language unique. Whether you choose to memorize the rules or learn them by osmosis or practice depends on your learning style. Here you will find mostly what is designed as a recap of the rules of grammar in Latin.
- Basics of Latin
- Latin Declensions
- The Alphabet
- How to Pronounce Latin
- Noun Declensions
- Tips About the Parts of Speech
- Latin FAQs
- Agreement in Latin vs English
The Latin word for word is 'verbum,' whence "verb" the workhorse of Latin grammar. Latin verbs have many more forms than English verbs do. The forms are listed in models called "paradigms."
Latin poetry was modeled on Greek forms, but the Romans developed Greek genres to suit their needs. Thus, they could claim the genre of satire was a Roman invention. Not all poetry was written in dactyllic hexameters, but poetry had to have meter. Here are some of the terms you should know when reading Latin poetry. Incidentally, if you're trying to translate Latin and are wondering whether poetry is harder than prose, you may be pleasantly surprised to find clues to word meaning put directly in the meter. You don't have such clues in prose.
- How Do You Scan a Line of Latin Poetry?
- Dactyllic Hexameters
- Prosody - The Study of the Meter of Poetry
- Elegiac Couplet
In the Classical period there were many Latin authors, but not very many have survived, so there is a large, but limited corpus of Latin literature. Here are some of the major authors, especially those associated with the genres of poetry and history.
- Roman Authors Timeline
- Classical Writers Directory
- Vergil (Virgil), 'The Aeneid,' and the Classical Tradition
- Roman Poets
- Horace Odes
Latin for Today
Practical Latin and Latin in use in modern English or contemporary culture. Harry Potter used spells with words based on Latin, knowledge of Latin is helpful in certain tests and professions, and people interested in words often want to understand the etymology of words that come from Latin.
- How to Pronounce Latin
- Harry Potter Latin
- Latin Words and Expressions in English
- Is Latin Easy?
- Why Your Kids Should Learn Latin
- Sources for Vulgar Latin
- -Cide Words to Learn
- Latin Death Words
- Latin-Based English Legal Words
- Latin Words to English Verbs
- Latin Religious Words in English
- Botanical Names
- A Little Etymology
- Mottoes and Expressions to Live by
- Abbreviations in Latin Inscriptions and Coins
Easy Latin to Practice on
One of the most satisfying ways to learn Latin is to see improvement. Some of these sources for Latin use real quotations from ancient native Latin speakers, so you're not necessarily dealing with dumbed-down material. Practice on these if you think you're not yet up to the Latin masterpieces.
- Praxis Grammatica
- Books From Bochazy-Carducci
- The Younger Pliny's Haunted House
- Latin Phrases to Translate Into English
Elsewhere on this site you can read about all of Roman history, here you'll find those elements of Roman culture you're most likely to come upon in your reading, the numbers, abbreviations, names, and information on inscriptions.
The Changing Latin Language
Latin developed in the area of Latium in ancient Italy from an earlier form with influence from other neighboring related dialects. It then spread with the Roman Empire, eventually morphing into the modern Romance languages, although Latin is still spoken.
- Formation of Indo-European Languages
- Ad Infinitum - A Biography of Latin
- Graffiti and Wall Inscriptions
The revised Latin AP course and exam cover not just the poetry of Vergil, but also the prose of Caesar. You need to know figures of speech, scansion, and cultural background, as well.
- What You Need to Know About AP Latin Vergil
- AP Latin Prose
- Figures of Speech to Know for the AP Latin Exam
- AP-Latin Vergil Aeneid Passages
- Gallic War - Revolts of the Gauls
- Aeneid People Glossary
Rome is a popular topic of modern popular culture. Generally, with depictions of Rome comes at least a touch of Latin.