Samos is an ancient Greek island in the North Aegean Sea. Samos was famous for its Samian wine and pottery (Samian ware). It was a member of the Ionian League, described by Herodotus as comprised of Miletus, Myus, Priene, Ephesus
, Colophon, Lebedus, Teos, Clazomenae, Phocaea, Chios, Erythrae, and Samos.
Rome incorporated Samos into the province of Asia in 129.