Nathaniel Hawthorne Portrait from 1871 book Great Fortunes, and How They Were Made, by James D. McCabe, Jr., Illustrated by G. F. and E. B. Bensell
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/15161/15161-h/15161-h.htm#illust7361 - Project Gutenberg
Hawthorne's Place in American Literature:
Nathaniel Hawthorne's Scarlet Letter has been called the first psychological novel and his novels have long been part of the curriculum of American English literature classes. Hawthorne is an American classic.
Nathaniel Hawthorne Birth and Death Dates:
The son of a sea captain, Nathaniel Hawthorne was born on July 4, 1804 in Salem, Massachusetts. He died on May 18, 1864, in Plymouth.
Nathaniel Hawthorne Education:
Hawthorne attended Bowdoin College, along with Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and future President Franklin Pierce.
Career and Life Events:
Hawthorne tried his hand at writing after graduating from college, but had to take on a job in the Salem Custom House to make enough money to marry. In 1842, he married Sophia Peabody and moved to Concord, where he became involved in the Transcendentalist Movement. Three years later he returned to Salem where he wrote The Scarlet Letter. He wrote more novels and also wrote children's stories: A Wonder Book (1852) and Tanglewood Tales
Works by Nathaniel Hawthorne:
The Scarlet Letter (1850)
The House of the Seven Gables (1851)
The Blithedale Romance (1852)
The Marble Faun (1860)
Twice-Told Tales (1837, 1851)
Mosses from an Old Manse (1846, 1854)
The Snow-Image, and Other Twice-Told Tales (1852)
The Life of Franklin Pierce (1852)
"Chiefly About War Matters" (1862)
Our Old Home: A Series of English Sketches (1863)
The Whole History of Grandfather's Chair (1840)
A Wonder-Book for Girls and Boys (1852)
Tanglewood Tales (1853)
Nathaniel Hawthorne undertook the project of re-writing some of the most famous of the ancient Greek myths in a volume for children called The Tanglewood Tales
. In this volume he covers the myths of
Contemporary Charles Kingsley, like Hawthorne, directed his retold myths to children. At about the same time, Thomas Bulfinch was also rewriting the ancient Greek myths, but Bulfinch wrote for adults.