Definition: In about 7200 B.C. a settlement, Catal Huyuk (Çatal Hüyük), developed in Anatolia, south central Turkey. About 6000 Neolithic people lived there, in fortifications of linked rectangular mud-brick buildings. Food was mostly hunted or gathered, but the inhabitants also raised animals and stored surplus grains.
So far, Catal Huyuk is considered the oldest civilzation.
Alternate Spellings: Çatalhöyük, Çatalhüyük, Catal Huyuk
Examples: James Mellaart was the first to excavate Çatal Hüyük in the 1960s.