Uruk was an important early region and city of southern Mesopotamia known today as Warka and in Biblical literature as Erech.
Explanation of the ancient writing form known as cuneiform.
Learn Assyrian Online
Directions for writing individual letters of the Aramaic alphabet, their English transliteration and pronunciation via audio files.
The Hebrew consonants, their transliteration in English and their use as numbers.
Lexicon of Sumerian Logograms
John Halloran's list of meaningful cuneiform signs and words made of compound signs. Includes etymologies, signals to distinguish homophones, and vocabulary pronunciation guide.
Annals of the Kings of Assyria
Photocopy of 1902 text from the University of Chicago libraries of E.A. Wallis Budge and L. W. King's Annals of the Kings of Assyria.
Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon
A newsletter from Hebrew Union College Jewish Institute Of Religion. Currently only three issues are up. Bibliography.
Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions
Includes introduction, translation, and search function. Inscriptions in Old Persian, Elamite, Akkadian, Aramaic and Egyptian.
History of Aramaic
Rocco A. Errico and Michael J. Bazzi's short article on the spiritual impact, history, and major dialects of Aramaic.
Ancient Accounts of Arabia
From the History Sourcebook, passages from Herodotus, Strabo, Dio Cassius, Ammianus Marcellinus, and Procopius on the Arabs.
Ancient Oriental Seals
Photocopy of 1924 volume from the University of Chicago libraries entitled Ancient Oriental Seals in the Collection of Mr. Edward T. Newell.
The Code of Hammurabi
Witch hunts' guilt by sinking, death for frivolous lawsuits, judiciary culpability, disposal of stolen goods, firmly dealt with in this ancient Babylonian grandfather of all legal texts.
Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature
Project to put online 400 Sumerian poetic compositions dating from 2100 to about 1650. Contains an index of mythological figures featured in the collection.