Sargon established his capital at Agade (near Kish) becoming the king of Akkad and the first king of the Agade Dynasty. He conquered the nearby city-states of Ur, Umma, and Lagash, and developed a commercial trade-based empire, with unifying roads and a postal system.
Like the Bible's Moses, Sargon may have been a Semite rather than a Sumerian. A story about Sargon's youth sounds like the Moses infancy story. The baby Sargon, nestled in a reed basket sealed with bitumen, was placed in the Euphrates River. The basket floated until it was rescued by a gardener or date grower. In this capacity he worked for the king of Kish, Ur-Zababa until he rose in the ranks to become the king's cupbearer.
Then the ambitious king of the Mesopotamian city-state of Umma (and beyond), Lugulzaggesi, invaded Kish from the south. King Ur-Zababa king fled and Sargon led forces against Lugulzaggesi's Sumerian mini-empire. Lugulzaggesi had to leave Kish to face Sargon, who proved unstoppable. After Lugulzaggesi surrendered, Sargon named himself king of Kish and then marched south to conquer Mesopotamian land to the Persian Gulf.
- Michael Roaf's Cultural Atlas of Mesopotamia and the Ancient Near East
- Susan Wise Bauer's History of the Ancient World
- "Reconstructing the World of Ancient Mesopotamia: Divided Beginnings and Holistic History"
Richard L. Zettler
Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 2003