The early Greek philosophers saw the world around them and asked questions about it. Instead of attributing its creation to anthropomorphic gods, they sought rational explanations. One idea the Pre-Socratic philosophers had was that there was a single underlying substance that held within itself principles of change. This underlying substance and its inherent principles could become anything. In addition to looking at the building blocks of matter, the early philosophers looked at the stars, music, and number systems. Later philosophers focused entirely on conduct or ethics. Instead of asking what made the world, they asked what was the best way to live.
Here are a dozen of the major Presocratic and Socratic philosophers.
Images 1-12 of 12
- AnaximanderAnaximander From Raphael's The School of Athens.
- HeraclitusHeraclitus by Johannes Moreelse.
- ParmenidesParmenides From The School of Athens by Raphael.
- LeucippusLeucippus painting
- ThalesThales of Miletus
- Zeno of Citium
- Zeno of EleaZeno
- PlatoPlato - From Raphael's School of Athens (1509).
- AristotleAristotle painted by Francesco Hayez in 1811.
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