1. Education

Gregory Flood's Roman Gods and Goddesses of Agriculture

By Gregory Flood

A list from Roman Mythology compiled by Gregory Flood. The genders of the deities or personifications are listed, as are their names, more specific type of divinity, sphere, etc.

Table of the Roman Gods and Goddesses of Agriculture

Gods and Goddesses of Agriculture

Agriculture

Dea Dia

F

Assures the watering of the crops

Nympha

F

Cattle

Bubona

F

Cattle

Faustitas

F

Crops; birth, death

Tellus

F

Personified earth; very ancient god

Farming

Fauna; Fatua

F

Wife of Faunus; night festival in May; women only; mystery rites, fun and feasting

Field work, preliminary

Vervactor

M

Field work, secondary

Redarator

M

Field work, tertiary

Insitor

M

Flowering corn

Matura

F

Growing corn

Lacturna

F

Harrowing

Occator

M

Harvest

Ops

F

Very popular goddess; shared the December Saturnalia with Saturn wherein roles were reversed and masters served slaves for a day

Herds

Pales

F

Sometimes, apparently, a male entity; Palilia in April celebrated the city's founding

Hoeing and Weeding

Sarritor

M

Manure

Sterculius

M

Oversees soil removal (runcation)

Runcina

F

Protects against corn mildew

Robigo

M

Sacrificed to annually in April to spare the crops

Protects against corn mildew

Robiga

F

Wife of Robigo

Protects harvested corn

Consus

M

Very important god; connected to horses and mules; underground chapel in Rome; cult partner of Ops; Consualia in August featured mule races

Protects stored grain

Tutilina

F

Protects the knots of the stems on corn plants

Nodotus

M

Protects the seed in the ground

Seia

M

Protects the sheaves

Volutina

F

Protects the shoots

Patelana

F

Protects the stems

Hostilina

F

Straw

Segetia

F

See:

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.