1. Education
Send to a Friend via Email

Lucius Munatius Plancus

By

Definition:

Lucius Munatius Plancus (d. c. 20 B.C.) is counted one of the great Roman scoundrels, especially by Velleius Paterculus, who considered him guilty of "fratricide, cowardice, military incompetence, sycophancy, immorality, improbity,... and treachery," according to Andrew Wright. Like another infamous Roman, Clodius Pulcher, Plancus was a contemporary of Julius Caesar. He served under Caesar in the Gallic and Civil Wars and was praetor probably in 47 B.C., consul in 42, and much later, censor in 22. He was proconsul of Gallia Comata, invaded Raetia, and founded the colonies of Lugdunum and (Augusta) Raurica. In the aftermath of the assassination of Julius Caesar, Plancus repeatedly switched sides, put his brother's name on the proscription lists, and finally joined Octavian before Actium. His daughter was the Plancina who was suspected of poisoning Germanicus.

Sources:

  • Geoffrey Walter Richardson, Theodore John Cadoux, Ernst Badian "Plancus, Lucius Munatius" Who's Who in the Classical World. Ed. Simon Hornblower and Tony Spawforth. Oxford University Press, 2000.
  • Velleius Paterculus and L. Munatius Plancus
    Andrew Wright
    Classical Philology, Vol. 97, No. 2 (Apr., 2002), pp. 178-184
Examples:
"Later he [Augustus] took the name of Gaius Caesar and then the surname Augustus, the former by the will of his great-uncle, the latter on the motion of Munatius Plancus." Suetonius Life of Augustus.

Plancus rebuilt the temple of Saturn in 42 B.C. from the spoils of his conquest of Raetia, according to the inscription on his mausoleum in Gaeta.

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.