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Roman Crowns

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Here are five types of Roman crowns awarded to military personnel:
  • Corona Graminea

    Grass Crown
    Made from grass of the battlefield for saving an entire legion/army.
  • Corona Civica

    State Crown
    Oak leaves for saving lives (ob cives servatos) ["The Imperial Reliefs from the Sebasteion at Aphrodisias," by R. R. R. Smith; The Journal of Roman Studies (1987), pp. 88-138.] and holding ground in battle. A gilded corona civica was given to the triumphator. From the time of Claudius, the corona civica became an imperial attribute. Since the oak was sacred to Jupiter, giving the crown to emperors implied Jupiter's sanction. ["Uncanonical Imperial Portraits in the Eastern Roman Provinces: The Case of the Kanellopoulos Emperor," by Lee Ann Riccardi; Hesperia (2000), pp. 105-132.]
  • Corona Aurea

    Golden Crown for winning a battle.
  • Corona Vallaris

    Rampart Crown (first man over the wall).
  • Corona Navalis

    Naval Crown.

Roman Crowns References:

  • "Uncanonical Imperial Portraits in the Eastern Roman Provinces: The Case of the Kanellopoulos Emperor"
    Lee Ann Riccardi
    Hesperia Vol. 69, No. 1 (Jan. - Mar., 2000), pp. 105-132
  • "Pliny the Elder and Man's Unnatural History"
    Andrew Wallace-Hadrill
    Greece & Rome, Second Series, Vol. 37, No. 1 (Apr., 1990), pp. 80-96

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