Shiva sometimes has 4 arms and faces, and 3 eyes -- the third in the center of his forehead, sometimes represented as 3 horizontal lines. It can emit a destructive fire. He wears animal skins and snakes around his neck. Parvati is Shiva's wife. Before marrying Parvati, Shiva was a contemplative ascetic.
Shiva's vehicle is Nandi, a milk-white bull who is the guardian of 4-legged creatures.
- "Shiva" A Dictionary of World Mythology. Arthur Cotterell. Oxford University Press, 1997.
- "Shiva" The Oxford Companion to World mythology. David Leeming. Oxford University Press, 2004
- "Shiva and Parvati: Public and Private Reflections of Stories in North India"
The Journal of American Folklore (1999)