Click for larger image: Syria, Mesopotamia, and Assyria map from The Atlas of Ancient and Classical Geography, by Samuel Butler, Ernest Rhys, editor (1907, repr. 1908).
The Atlas of Ancient and Classical Geography, by Samuel Butler, Ernest Rhys, ed. 1907/8.
Ancient Syria covered a substantially larger area than the modern, troubled country. Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and Israel were all part of this ancient area that is often distinguished by the label "Greater Syria." Located between the Mediterranean Sea and the desert, it was an important area mainly because it formed a land-bridge among three continents, Europe, Asia and Africa. Syria was fertile and also supplied lumber. Major cities in Syria established by the middle of the second millennium B.C. were Damascus, Aleppo, Hamah, Byblos, Joffa, Homs, Gaza, and Tyre.
- (Assyria: Northern Iraq, north-western Iran, south-easten Turkey and north-eastern Syria)
- Bible Maps
Successive World Kingdoms: Persia, Babylon, Assyria, 640-500 B.C. Eventually spanning from Libya and Macedonia in the West to the end of the Persian Gulf in the East, maps show the outlines of each empire.
- Oriental Institute Map Series - Syria Site Maps
Oriental Institute's site maps locating primary archaeological sites, modern cities, and river courses in Syria.
Located about 50 miles south of modern Amman, Petra was established in the 6th Century B.C., by nomads and as a commercial empire extended into Syria.
- Roman Empire Detail: Syria
Map shows cities of Syria.
From Bill Thayer's Lacus Curtius site, a 19th Century map of Syria with Latin place names.