Theseus was the Athenian hero who volunteered to be one of the victims of the Minotaur. An Ionian founder-hero (in contrast with the Dorian hero Hercules), Theseus reorganized the country of Attica. Theseus played an important role in the poetry of Bacchylides, and the drama of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides. Theseus was as popular as Hercules for 5th century vase painters. He was involved in so many adventures that a proverbial expression translates as "Theseus had a hand in it." Whereas Hercules fought mostly monsters in his 12 Labors, Theseus faced mostly human foes who troubled travelers.
4. The Legend of Theseus and the Minotaur
6. PeriphetesPeriphetes was the first of the brigands Theseus killed in his clearing the road from Troezen to Athens.
- Lycaea - To Honor Lycaon Zeus
9. Theseus King of Athens
10. People in the Life of Theseus
- Dioscuri: Castor and Pollux or Polydeuces
- Cercyon the Arcadian - Theseus killed him in a wrestling match.
- Crommyonian sow (Phaea) - a wild beast or robber woman whom Theseus killed.
- Hippolytus and Phaedra
- Perigune - Daughter of Sinis whom Theseus impregnated. Mother of Melanippus.
- Sciron - A murderous robber whom Theseus killed on one of his journeys.
11. Theseus in Literature
- Oedipus at Colonus
- Life of Theseus by Plutarch
- Greek Anthology
- Midsummer Night's Dream
- Bulfinch's Mythology
- Colum, Padraic
- Kingsley, Charles
- Theseus and the Minotaur, Nathaniel Hawthorne
- Mary Renault's Theseus
- Pressfield: Last of the Amazons