1. Education

Major Figures in the First Book of the Iliad

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English Translation of Iliad Book I | Summary of Iliad Book I | Characters | Notes| Iliad Study Guide

  • The Muse - without the inspiration of the Muse, Homer couldn't write. There were three Muses originally, Aoede (song), Melete (pracice), and Mneme (memory), and later nine. They were the daughters of Mnemosyne (Memory). The Muse of song was Calliope.

  • Achilles - best warrior and most heroic of the Greeks, although he is sitting out the war.

  • Agamemnon - lead king of the Greek forces, the brother of Menelaus.

  • Zeus - king of the gods. Zeus attempts neutrality.
    Known as Jupiter or Jove among the Romans and in some translations of the Iliad.

  • Apollo - god of many attributes. In Book I Apollo is known as the mouse and therefore plague god. He is upset with the Greeks because they have dishonored him by insulting one of his priests.

  • Hera - queen of the gods, wife and sister of Zeus. Hera is on the side of the Greeks.
    Known as Juno among the Romans and in some translations of the Iliad.

  • Hephaestus - blacksmith god, son of Hera
    Known as Vulcan among the Romans and in some translations of the Iliad.

  • Chryses - priest of Apollo. His daughter is Chryseis, who was taken as a war prize by Agamemnon.

  • Calchas - seer for the Greeks.

  • Athena - a war goddess who especially favors Odysseus and other heroes. Athena is on the side of the Greeks.
    Known as Minerva among the Romans and in some translations of the Iliad.

Profiles of Some of the Major Olympian Gods Involved in the Trojan War

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book I

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book II

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book III

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book IV

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book V

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book VI

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book VII

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book VIII

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book IX

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book X

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XI

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XII

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XIII

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XIV

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XV

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XVI

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XVII

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XVIII

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XIX

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XX

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XXI

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XXII

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XXIII

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XXIV

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