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Major Figures in the Twentieth Book of the Iliad

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Poseidon and Athena

Poseidon and Athena

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  • Zeus - king of the gods. Zeus attempts neutrality.
    Known as Jupiter or Jove among the Romans and in some translations of the Iliad.
  • Themis - titaness who prophesied that the child of Thetis would be greater than his father, for which reason suitors Poseidon and Zeus withdrew their offer of marriage.
  • Poseidon - Sea god and brother of Zeus. Known to the Romans as Neptune. Poseidon harasses Odysseus on his homeward voyage.
  • Hera - queen of the gods, wife and sister of Zeus. Hera is on the side of the Greeks.
    Known as Juno among the Romans and in some translations of the Iliad.
  • Athena - favors the Greeks. Also known by the Romans as Minerva.
  • Ares - war god.
  • Hermes - son of Zeus and Maia, one of the Pleiades.
  • Artemis - virgin hunter goddess, sister of Apollo and daughter of Zeus and Leto. On the side of the Trojans.
  • Leto - daughter of the titans Coeus and Phoebe, she is the mother of Apollo and Artemis. When trying to give birth, Hera, who was jealous because the father was Zeus, hunted Leto all over the earth.
  • Xanthus - a river near Troy known to mortals as Scamander. Favors the Trojans.
  • Apollo - god of many attributes. Favors the Trojans.
  • Aphrodite - the goddess of love and winner of the apple of discord who promised Paris (Alexander) Helen. She supports the Trojans and especially Paris.
  • Lycaon - son of Laothoe and King Priam of Troy.
  • Aeneas - Trojan prince and the son of Aphrodite.
  • Hector - champion of the Trojans and son of Priam.
  • Achilles - best warrior and most heroic of the Greeks. After Agamemnon stole his war prize, Briseis, Achilles sat out the war until his beloved comrade Patroclus was killed. Although he knows his death is imminent, Achilles is determined to kill as many Trojans as possible, including Hector whom he blames for Patroclus' death.

Profiles of Some of the Major Olympian Gods Involved in the Trojan War

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book I

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book II

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book III

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book IV

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book V

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book VI

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book VII

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book VIII

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book IX

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book X

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XI

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XII

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XIII

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XIV

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XV

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XVI

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XVII

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XVIII

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XIX

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XX

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XXI

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XXII

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XXIII

Summary and Main Characters of the Iliad Book XXIV

For information on people and places mentioned in Book I of the Iliad, see Iliad Book I - Who? What? Where?

Read a public domain translation of Homer's Iliad Book XX.

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