1. Education

Major Figures in the Twelfth Book of the Odyssey

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Odyssey Study Guide Contents

  • Odysseus - Wandering Trojan War hero famed for his wiles. He is a favorite of Athena and disliked by Poseidon.
  • Circe - she is the daughter of Helios who lives in a mansion in a forest on the island of Aeaea. She is a goddess who uses drugs to transform men into beasts.
  • Tiresias - a blind seer whom Odysseus must speak with in the Underworld
  • Elpenor - one of Odysseus' men who falls to his death just before they leave Circe's island.
  • Helios/Hyperion - the sun god who has cattle and sheep on the island of Thrinacia.
  • Circe - Sorceress/goddess who turned Odysseus' men into swine and then restored them and helped them. In Book XII she gives specific warnings about what troubles the men will encounter.
  • Eurylochus - Speaks freely and stirs up the men. He is responsible for persuading the men to slaughter the cattle of the sun god.
  • Scylla - an immortal monster with six heads each with three rows of teeth. She eats passing sailors.
  • Charybdis - lives opposite Scylla. She swallows cast quantities of water and all in it and then vomits it out again.

Profiles of Some of the Major Olympian Gods Involved in the Trojan War

Notes on Book XII

Quiz on Odyssey Book XII

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