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Hatshepsut - Queen of Ancient Egypt

Hatshepsut | Nefertiti | Tomyris | Arsinoe | Cleopatra | Boudicca | Zenobia

Hatshepsut Clipart.com
Hatshepsut ruled Egypt not only as queen and wife of the pharaoh, but as pharaoh herself, adopting the insignia, including beard, and performing the pharaoh's ceremonial race at the Sed festival [see "Athletic Skill" in Hatshepsut Profile].

Hatshepsut ruled for about two decades in the first half of the 15th century B.C. She was a daughter of 18th-dynasty king Thutmose I. She married her brother Thutmose II, but didn't give birth to a son to him. When he died, the son of a lesser wife become Thutmose III, but he was probably very young. Hatshepsut served as co-regent with her nephew/step-son. He went on military campaigns during her co-regency and she went on a famous trading expedition. The era was prosperous and allowed impressive building projects credited to her.

The walls of a temple of Hatshepsut at Dayr al-Bahri indicate that she ran a military campaign in Nubia and trading missions with Punt. Later, but not immediately upon her death, attempts were made to erase signs of her reign.

Recent excavations in the Valley of Kings have led archaeologists to believe the sarcophagus of Hatshepsut may have been the one numbered KV60. It would appear that far from the boy-like figure that graced her official portraiture, she had become a hefty, voluptuous middle aged woman by the time of her death.


Hatshepsut is on the list of Most Important People to Know in Ancient History.

1. Hatshepsut
2. Nefertiti
3. Tomyris
4. Arsinoe
5. Cleopatra
6. Boudicca
7. Zenobia

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