Ancient/Classical History: Most Popular Articles
When do you use the common abbreviations i.e., and when do you use e.g., and what do they mean?
List of the ten plagues of Egypt.
Learn about the world's major gods and goddesses of love, war, childbirth, food, music, mischief, and all sorts of human-seeming foibles.
A brief version of the story of Pandora's Box
Roman and Greek names for the Olympians and the minor gods and goddesses.
Here are the major heroes of Greek legend. Two of them (Odysseus and Achilles) are from the Trojan War. The others were involved in adventures.
Read about some of the reasons for the Fall of Rome (or the decline of the Roman Empire) and the rationale behind the dates. There are many theories for the fall, some more, some less reasonable. You get to judge which is the best.
Which Greek Goddess Are You? Take this quiz to determine if you're a goddess of love or war or something
A list of the sun gods from various ancient religions.
A list of war gods and goddesses from the mythology of the world.
Find out why we call these languages romance languages.
The Sword of Damocles was described by the Roman orator Cicero in his 'Tusculan Disputations'. Here's my explanation of the proverbial expression.
Learn these fast facts about Mesopotamia, the ancient land of modern Iraq and an area that included various, changing nations in the ancient world.
List of the greatest warriors in the ancient world.
Myths and Legends the story of Cupid and Psyche. Page 4.
Learn the context of the famous 10 plagues in Egypt that led to the Biblical Exodus.
Leonidas was a king of Sparta who led a suicide mission against the Persians at Thermopylae during the Persian Wars.
Here are study guides on people and topics important for Ancient/Classical history.
Learn about Apollo, a very popular Greek and Roman god, his passions, gifts to mankind, and association with the sun. Also learn about Apollo's application in modern culture.
Here are my choices for the most beautiful ancient women.
A barbarian to the Romans, Attila, a fierce warrior and king of the horse-riding Huns, harassed the Roman Empire during the fifth century and put the fear of god in all the peoples in his way.
Time line of major events in the ancient history of the world. Most dates and events on the ancient history timeline are of political importance.
Read about the possible origins of an ancient symbol, the swastika.
Gods and goddess of the moons came in male and female forms. An alphabetical list of deities or personifications of the moon.
Here are my selections for the most important names in ancient history. This list excludes people whose existence is disputed by most classical scholars.
Hercules is such a popular figure from Greek mythology that you have undoubtedly heard of him or seen him in movies or on the television. If you want to know the basic facts and events of his life, here is the basic information the media uses to portray the demigod.
Hercules didn't have an easy life, so you shouldn't be surprised to learn how difficult it was for him to die. Learn about his death and what came next.
Athena was the Greek goddess of wisdom also known as Pallas Athena. In ancient Rome, Athena was known as the Roman goddess Minerva.
Jewish months of the Hebrew calendar based on Babylonian month names.
Take this little quiz to see which major ancient hero you are most like. Just don't take it too seriously.
What are the 12 tribes of Israel?
The revolt of the slaves led by Spartacus the gladiator put a strain on Rome, but built up the heroic legend about its leader. Learn about the Roman failed attempts to stop the revolt and what actually led to Spartacus' downfall.
Read about the important inventions attributed to early Greek scientists. This list is in chronological order.
Achilles was considered the greatest Greek hero of the Trojan War.
Constantine the Great of Constantine I was the first Christian emperor of the the Roman Empire.
The Fall of Rome and the End of the Roman Empire in the west. Articles on the effects of certain emperors and barbarians on the fall of the Rome.
The Roman Republican form of government had three branches.
List of ancient gods and goddesses by Culture.
Common theories or reasons for the fall of rome.
A list of Aristotle quotes. Quotations attributed to Aristotle.
The many wives of King David in the Bible played important roles in the history of Israel. Through their relationships, David's wives brought him political alliances and material wealth, as well as 19 sons and one daughter. Three of David's wives were especially significant to Israel's history. They are Michal, Abigail and Bathsheba.
Do you think the Romans were the original bulimics with a vomitorium in every household? It may surprise you to learn most Romans ate modestly. Learn more about the Romans' foods and their diet.
A look at how the Bible portrays Deborah as a wise and courageous judge of Israel.
Words for colors in Latin. Ancient / Classical History.
Basic information on the Olympians of Greek Mythology.
Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt was an historical queen and last pharaoh of Egypt whose story has been retold in countless stories, plays, and movies.
If you don't have a font and only want to add a few letters of Greek, here is the code for upper and lower case Greek letters.
The Fertile Crescent is a name for a relatively fertile arc-shaped area by the Mediterranean which covers Biblical lands, the Tigris and Euphrates, and the Nile Valley.
Learn the basics on the main gods and goddesses of Ancient Egypt.
The letters of the Greek alphabet.
The names of the seven archangels vary somewhat.
Ares was a Greek god of war and homicide.
Bathsheba was King David's most famous wife because they committed adultery before they were married. David tried to cover up their affair after Bathsheba became pregnant, and David succeeded in getting her husband Uriah killed. Although the child they conceived during their affair died, David and Bathsheba had another son, Solomon, who was David's successor.
Highlights of the Book of Ruth. Ancient / Classical History.
Learn about Helen of Troy, the woman known for starting the Trojan War.
Lear these important to know facts about Cleopatra, queen of ancient Egypt. Page 3.
Trade and economy in ancient China. Page 5.
Latin quotes for various occasions with translations, plus a few Greek quotes.
Some basic comparisons between ancient Rome and ancient Greece, more specifically, ancient Athens.
Moses, the recipient of the Ten Commandments in the Bible, and a Hebrew prophet, was the leader of the Hebrew people when they left Egypt and wandered in the wilderness during the Biblical Exodus.
The goddess Hera was the queen of the Greek gods, sister and wife of Zeus and goddess of marriage. Hera is described as a jealous goddess.
Sappho and Alcaeus, contemporaries from Lesbos, wrote lyric poetry.
Learn a dozen important facts about Julius Caesar. Page 2.
Thirteen facts to know about Alexander the Great. Page 2.
Xerxes was a king of the Medes and Persians, who fought against the Ancient Greeks in the Persian Wars.
Do you know why your kids should learn Latin? Here are some of the advantages your children will enjoy if they study Latin.
My list of the worst Roman emperors.
The Shang Dynasty of ancient China was the first dynasty in Chinese history with both archaeological and documentary (written centuries later) evidence.
Names and categories of nymphs in Greek mythology.
Hades is the Greek god of the Underworld.
Poseidon is a Greek god of the sea.
Aristotle argues that all forms of government have their problems, including, but not limited to democracy.
Background information on Norse mythology. This section is on the Aesir and Vanir gods and goddesses.
Nebuchadnezzar is best known for his Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world -- which he may not actually have created and the Captivity of the Hebrews.
The beginning of religion and the development of gods and goddesses in ancient Mesopotamian
Glossary entry on polis, the ancient Greek city-state.
The abbreviation SPQR refers to the Roman senate and the Roman people. Here is a look at the Latin for each of the letters in the abbreviation.
The nine muses (Calliope, Urania, Euterpe, Thalia, Inspiration, Melpomene, Erato, Mnemosyne, Clio, Terpsichore, and Polymnia), their provinces and attributes.
Latin tenses for Latin verbs in the Indicative.
Here are the top fertility and love goddesses of ancient mythology.
Paul of Tarsus was a Jew who had Roman citizenship and tried to stamp out Christianity until he had a vision on the Road to Damascus.
Learn what we think we know about the writer of one of the top three most popular books of all time.
It's important to know the meaning and significance of Biblical and Hebrew names before you give one to your child. Here are resources especially for people in the process of finding a name for their newborn.
These are the 10 Commandments from the King James Version of the book of Exodus chapter 20, along with some comparisons to other versions.
Learn these important points about Greek theater and especially Greek tragedy. Page 2.
Fighting in the arena for the entertainment of the population of the Roman Empire, gladiators were well-trained slaves, usually.
Chronological list of ten of the most important early Greek philosophers.
Aphrodite is the Greek goddess of love and beauty. Aphrodite was known as Venus in Rome and was a major goddess in ancient Greek mythology and in the Roman Vergil's Aeneid.
Date and very brief description of the Persian War Battle of Thermopylae at which the Spartans, under Leonidas, fought bravely to their death.
Ashoka was an important Buddhist king in India in the 3rd century B.C.
Basic information on the titan or Greek god Cronos who was the father of the Olympian gods and goddesses.
Learn about the two generations of the enormous mythological creatures known as Titans.
The name Cleopatra Queen of Egypt has often been used to mean a seductive, beautiful woman, but Cleopatra may not have been beautiful at all.
A list of major Celtic gods and goddesses.
Who were the parents of Hercules?
An overview of the prolific, Roman, Augustan Age poet Ovid, writer of love poetry and epic, but on a less lofty theme than the usual epic.
Ancient Greek government varied from place to place and time to time.
Demeter, betrayed by her brothers Zeus, Hades, and Poseidon, loses her daughter Persephone. While Demeter goddess of grain mourns the loss of Persephone, she makes sure all mankind suffers with her.
If it weren't for Prometheus, we wouldn't be here. Learn why.
Babylonian Gods and Goddesses. Ancient / Classical History.
A timeline showing a chronological list of only major events leading to the fall of Rome.
A description of the sequence of major events of the Trojan War and Homer's 'Iliad', starting with the theft by Paris of Helen of Troy.
List of the major Greek goddesses in Greek mythology.
Timeline of Greek and Roman Philosophers.
Understanding how the Jews lived in Jesus' time requires reading the New Testament within the context of first-century Judaism and the Roman Empire. Biblical texts hold clues to the influences on Judaism of its religious heritage and Roman occupation.
Augustine was a theologian and philosopher who was made a saint of the early Church.
The era called Neolithic is also called the new stone age.
The Xia Dynasty of ancient China was the first dynasty in Chinese history.
Among the creation myths of the Ancient Greeks is the story by Hesiod in his Works and Days about the five ages of man beginning with the Golden Age.
Maps showing an area of the eastern Mediterranean important in antiquity and known as the Levant.
Roman Baths and Hygiene in Ancient Rome. Hygiene in ancient Rome included baths, toiletss, cleansers, access to facilities, and high standards of cleanliness.
These are the main uses of the 7 cases of Latin nouns.
Timeline of the battles and chronology of the Persian Wars between Greece and Darius and Xerxes of Persia.
: Where does the expression "The Face That Launched a Thousand Ships" come from? : The face that launched
King Hammurabi of Babylonia was an important Babylonian king known for his early law code, the Code of Hammurabi.
The history of the truly ancient period of India is severely limited, but starting with the time of Alexander the Great we have some written eye-witness records thanks to Nearchus and Megasthenes.
The Ides of March was just another date on the Roman calendar until the fateful day in 44 B.C. when Julius Caesar was assassinated.
Dionysus is the Greek god of wine and ecstacy.
A look at the assumptions made about the history of the ancient Indus Valley civilization that are based on the Aryan Invasion.
Aspects of the goddess of love, the goddess Venus, the Roman Aphrodite.
The key to understanding Egyptian hieroglyphs was the Rosetta Stone.
Euripides, a Greek writer of tragedy, introduced drama about love to Old Comedy. Third of the great Greek tragedians, Euripides was born c. 484 B.C. and died 406 B.C., possibly in Macedonia, although that may have been one of the many fanciful legends created about this controversial playwright.
A few tables to help make sense of compound words by looking at the etymology, Greek and Latin roots and the prefixes and affixes.
The Biblical passage showing the classical example of the wisdom of Solomon.
Short notes on individual Norse gods and goddesses in Norse mythology.
Hannibal (Hannibal Barca) was the military leader of Carthage in the Second Punic War.
Odysseus fought in the Trojan War, came up with the idea of the wooden horse and returned home by an adventure-filled circuitous route that took ten years.
See where on a map ancient places names fit.: ancient maps of rome maps of rome maps asia biblical maps asia maps
Answer to the question, Ancient / Classical History.
King Darius I, an Achaemenid dynasty king, ruled the Persians.
Thes Suetonius-based list includes Julius Caesar and the first 11 emperors of Rome, from the Julio-Claudians through the Flavians.
As a baby, Moses wasn't exposed, but he was stuck in a basket and set adrift amid the bulrushes. Read why and what happened next.
Basics on the Norse Thunder God Thor.
Roman and Greek names for the Olympians and the minor gods
Old Kingdom Egypt was an important period of ancient Egyptian history made famous for the building of the Step Pyramid.
What you should know about the Greek philosopher Plato.
Here is a look at the major terms connected with the Hippocratic method and especially the ancient medical use of the theory of the four humors.
Pericles was the leader of Athens at the time of the building of the Parthenon and the Peloponnesian War.
Information about the Greek god Hades who abducted Persephone and made her the queen of the Underworld.
The Holy Bible, in both Jewish and Christian versions, makes it clear that men were the bosses in most biblical settings. However, the answers to some frequently asked questions show that there were strong women in the Bible who stood out all the more because they surmounted or circumvented the patriarchy in which they lived. Some of these women are Deborah, Jezebel, Tamar, Ruth and Naomi.
Stories of how the world and mankind came to be, from chaos, a primordial soup, an egg, or whatever; that is, creation myths.
These are the dynasties of ancient China.
Greek mythology is one of the most fascinating and colorful topics connected with the ancient world. Here is an introduction to the mythology and gods and goddesses who still play a part in today's world.
In Latin, words that mean may it be a happy birthday would convey the message of Happy Birthday.
Democracy Then and Now. A look at the meaning of the word democracy in ancient politics as contrasted with what we mean by democracy today.
Here are some of the most famous ancient queens in ancient history.
A list of Roman gods and goddesses, compiled by Gregory Flood.
Gregory Flood's Etruscan Gods and Their Roman Counterparts. Etruscan counterparts of Roman gods and goddesses compiled by Gregory Flood.
Etext of the Old Testament Book of Daniel.: nebuchadnezzar king of babylon king of judah ancient judaism land of shinar king of babylon
Perseus was a Greek hero known for the slaying of the Gorgon Medusa, whose head with its snaky locks, turned men to stone.