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Ancient/Classical History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
From Locusts to Boils, The 10 Plagues of Egypt
List of the ten plagues of Egypt.
The Right Ways to Use the Abbreviations i.e....
When do you use the common abbreviations i.e., and when do you use e.g., and what do they mean?
Top 10 Greek Heroes of Myth and Legend
Here are the major heroes of Greek legend. Two of them (Odysseus and Achilles) are from the Trojan War. The others were involved in adventures.
What Was Really inside Pandora's Box?
A brief version of the story of Pandora's Box
Ancient History: How Abigail Helped King David
Most scholars think of Abigail as King David's wisest wife. By deflecting David's anger toward her first husband, Nabal, for refusing to give David and his men supplies, Abigail both saved her own household and kept David from a serious tactical error of murdering Nabal. Captivated by her beauty and wisdom, David wastes no time in marrying Abigail when her first husband dies. Abigail and David shared many characteristics that made Abigail the comrade that David needed for success.
Major Gods and Goddesses of the World ...
Learn about the world's major gods and goddesses of love, war, childbirth, food, music, mischief, and all sorts of human-seeming foibles.
What's the Difference Between the Greeks and...
Some basic comparisons between ancient Rome and ancient Greece, more specifically, ancient Athens.
The Meaning Behind the Sword of Damocles
The Sword of Damocles was described by the Roman orator Cicero in his 'Tusculan Disputations'. Here's my explanation of the proverbial expression.
The Surviving Tragedies of Euripides
The names and dates of the tragedies by Euripides.
A List of Ancient Sun Gods and Sun Goddesses
A list of the sun gods from various ancient religions.
Why Did Rome Fall?
Read about some of the reasons for the Fall of Rome (or the decline of the Roman Empire) and the rationale behind the dates. There are many theories for the fall, some more, some less reasonable. You get to judge which is the best.
What Was the Role of Perseus in Greek Mythology?
Perseus was a Greek hero known for the slaying of the Gorgon Medusa, whose head with its snaky locks, turned men to stone.
Greek and Roman Gods Everyone Should Know
Roman and Greek names for the Olympians and the minor gods and goddesses.
Flavoring Dishes Since (Insert Year Here) B.C.
For National Herbs and Spices Day, here are three herbs and spices that trace their origins back to ancient times.
The Many, Many Wives of the Bible's King David
The many wives of King David in the Bible played important roles in the history of Israel. Through their relationships, David's wives brought him political alliances and material wealth, as well as 19 sons and one daughter. Three of David's wives were especially significant to Israel's history. They are Michal, Abigail and Bathsheba.
Evaluating Historical Clues About the Date of...
Jesus may have been born under the Star of Bethlehem, a comet that may have appeared in the spring of 5 B.C.
Which Greek Hero Are You?
Take this little quiz to see which major ancient hero you are most like. Just don't take it too seriously.
The 88 Gods and Goddesses of War
A list of war gods and goddesses from the mythology of the world.
What's Behind the Ancient Acronym SPQR?
The abbreviation SPQR refers to the Roman senate and the Roman people. Here is a look at the Latin for each of the letters in the abbreviation.
How Did Hercules Die?
Hercules didn't have an easy life, so you shouldn't be surprised to learn how difficult it was for him to die. Learn about his death and what came next.
What Are the Months in the Jewish Calendar?
Jewish months of the Hebrew calendar based on Babylonian month names.
Ancient Queens
Here are some of the most famous ancient queens in ancient history.
Cleopatra - What We Think the Famous 'Beauty'...
Despite the fame of Cleopatra, there are no images of what she looked like. See how the Egyptians pictured Queen Cleopatra in this photo of her statue.
Classic Myths and Legends You Should Know
Myths and Legends the story of Cupid and Psyche. Page 4.
What's So Interesting about Deborah of the Old...
A look at how the Bible portrays Deborah as a wise and courageous judge of Israel.
Most Beautiful Women
Here are my choices for the most beautiful ancient women.
Which Greek Goddess Are You?
Which Greek Goddess Are You? Take this quiz to determine if you're a goddess of love or war or something
15 Translations for Colors in Latin
Words for colors in Latin. Ancient / Classical History.
What Are the Exodus Passages Listing the 10...
These are the 10 Commandments from the King James Version of the book of Exodus chapter 20, along with some comparisons to other versions.
Who Said 'The Face That Launched a Thousand...
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13 Ancient Cultures, and the Gods They Worshipped
List of ancient gods and goddesses by Culture.
The Ancient Origins of the Swastika
Read about the possible origins of an ancient symbol, the swastika.
12 Ancient Lunar Luminaries
Gods and goddess of the moons came in male and female forms. An alphabetical list of deities or personifications of the moon.
Here's Why These Are the Most Important People...
Here are my selections for the most important names in ancient history. This list excludes people whose existence is disputed by most classical scholars.
A Look at Bathsheba and King David's Romance
Bathsheba was King David's most famous wife because they committed adultery before they were married. David tried to cover up their affair after Bathsheba became pregnant, and David succeeded in getting her husband Uriah killed. Although the child they conceived during their affair died, David and Bathsheba had another son, Solomon, who was David's successor.
Helen and Paris: Their Relationship Started the...
Learn about Helen of Troy, the woman known for starting the Trojan War.
See Art Based on the Odyssey
Homer's Odyssey has inspired impressive artwork. Here are some of the artistic representations of people Odysseus encountered, based on the Odyssey.
What Is the Origin of the Saying: 'Beware of...
The Trojan War had gone on for 10 years. Since both sides had gods on their sides, and Achilles, the greatest of the Greeks, and Hector, the greatest of the Trojans, were dead, the two sides were pretty evenly matched.
Who Were Hercules' Parents?
Who were the parents of Hercules?
The Many Vital Contributions Ancient Greeks...
Read about the important inventions attributed to early Greek scientists. This list is in chronological order.
The Story of Cupid and Psyche - Apuleius' The...
English translation of the story of the Marriage of Cupid and Psyche from the Latin Golden Ass or Metamorphosis, by Apuleius.
Reasons for the Fall of Rome
Common theories or reasons for the fall of rome.
Table of the Roman Equivalents of Greek Gods-...
Roman and Greek names for the Olympians and the minor gods
The Spartan King Who Led the 300
Leonidas was a king of Sparta who led a suicide mission against the Persians at Thermopylae during the Persian Wars.
Veni, Vidi, Vici
Veni, vidi, vici were the words Caesar used to succinctly convey his victory.
The Number 7 in the Bible Is a Source of Good...
Ever wonder where the idea of the number seven as lucky came from? More likely than not, the idea of good luck associated with seven comes from the number 7 in the Bible. The interpretation of scriptures by using numbers is known as
Decide for Yourself: Is Atlantis Real or Fiction?
Atlantis is a story from Plato's Timaeus.
The Life and Influence of Attila the Hun
A barbarian to the Romans, Attila, a fierce warrior and king of the horse-riding Huns, harassed the Roman Empire during the fifth century and put the fear of god in all the peoples in his way.
Hercules: The Basic Facts of the Major Greek...
Hercules is such a popular figure from Greek mythology that you have undoubtedly heard of him or seen him in movies or on the television. If you want to know the basic facts and events of his life, here is the basic information the media uses to portray the demigod.
What Are the 10 Commandments?
What are the Ten Commandments from the Book of Exodus in the Bible?
How to Say Happy Birthday in Latin
In Latin, words that mean may it be a happy birthday would convey the message of Happy Birthday.
Women Exercise in Bikinis
Ancient Rome in Pictures. A gallery of Ancient Rome. Page 91.
Who's Who: Babylonian Gods and Goddesses
Babylonian Gods and Goddesses. Ancient / Classical History.
The 5 Worst Roman Emperors
My list of the worst Roman emperors.
What Were the 10 Plagues in the Bible?
Learn the context of the famous 10 plagues in Egypt that led to the Biblical Exodus.
7 Hills of Rome
Monuments of the seven hills of Ancient Rome.
Pictures of Places Along Hadrian's Wall
Hadrian's Wall is a famous wall built across England to keep out the Picts begun under the Roman Emperor Hadrian.
Who Are the 7 Archangels?
The names of the seven archangels vary somewhat.
A Quick History on the Nymphs of Greek Mythology
Names and categories of nymphs in Greek mythology.
A Timeline for the Fall of Rome
A timeline showing a chronological list of only major events leading to the fall of Rome.
Learn the Real Meaning Behind these Famous...
Latin quotes for various occasions with translations, plus a few Greek quotes.
The 12 Greek Gods You Should Know
Basic information on the Olympians of Greek Mythology.
What You Would Have Seen in the Great Roman...
A reconstructed image of the Roman Forum.
Mythical Creatures - Monsters From Greek...
See what the major mythological monsters looked like -- the ones that destroyed lives and ravaged the countryside.
How Tall Was the Great Pyramid?
The tallest of a cluster of three pyramids at Giza, the Great Pyramid has lost some height over the millennia due to erosion. How tall was it originally?
Learn 15 of the Most Important Deities in...
Learn the basics on the main gods and goddesses of Ancient Egypt.
What kind of government did the Roman Republic...
The Roman Republic was a form of government that mixed democracy with aristocracy and monarchy.
The 6 Major Greek Goddesses
List of the major Greek goddesses in Greek mythology.
Celtic Gods and Goddesses
A list of major Celtic gods and goddesses.
King David's First Wife, Michal...and Her...
Michal, daughter of King Saul, was David's first wife. The Bible reports that Michal loved David, but the context of the story seems to indicate that her love was not returned by her husband. Michal and David appeared to have been married in a political alliance. When David danced nearly naked before the Ark of the Covenant, Michal's rebuke drew a harsh reply from David. Michal and David had no children.
Ancient Atlas - Maps and Geography of the...
This is the index page for the major geographical divisions of the ancient atlas for the ancient/classical history site, with separate pages for the modern continents, the Underworld, and maps of the world as conceived by ancient geographers.
Rubicon - Crossing the Rubicon
What it means when we say someone, or specifically, Julius Caesar, crossed the Rubicon.
Intriguing Ancient Philosophers
My list of top ancient philosophers.
Which Conqueror Are You?
Which Ancient Conqueror Are You? Take this quiz to determine which warrior you and your alter-ego really
10 Important Norse Gods and Goddesses
Short notes on individual Norse gods and goddesses in Norse mythology.
Why the Death of Attila the Hun Is Such a Mystery
There are so many mysteries of ancient history and the cause of the death of Attila is just one of them.
The Five Ages of Man
Among the creation myths of the Ancient Greeks is the story by Hesiod in his Works and Days about the five ages of man beginning with the Golden Age.
Moses: The Baby in the Basket
As a baby, Moses wasn't exposed, but he was stuck in a basket and set adrift amid the bulrushes. Read why and what happened next.
Learn About Achilles Through Pictures
Achilles was the quintessential Greek hero of the Trojan War. Here are photos of objects showing Achilles.
Etruscan Gods and Their Roman Counterparts
Gregory Flood's Etruscan Gods and Their Roman Counterparts. Etruscan counterparts of Roman gods and goddesses compiled by Gregory Flood.
Who Was Paul of Tarsus?
Paul of Tarsus was a Jew who had Roman citizenship and tried to stamp out Christianity until he had a vision on the Road to Damascus.
Do You Know the 9 Greek Muses?
The nine muses (Calliope, Urania, Euterpe, Thalia, Inspiration, Melpomene, Erato, Mnemosyne, Clio, Terpsichore, and Polymnia), their provinces and attributes.
The Dramatic Life of Cleopatra, Egypt's Last...
Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt was an historical queen and last pharaoh of Egypt whose story has been retold in countless stories, plays, and movies.
What Are the 12 Tribes of Israel?
What are the 12 tribes of Israel?
Was Cleopatra Really as Beautiful as They Say?
The name Cleopatra Queen of Egypt has often been used to mean a seductive, beautiful woman, but Cleopatra may not have been beautiful at all.
The When and Where of Major Events in Ancient...
Time line of major events in the ancient history of the world. Most dates and events on the ancient history timeline are of political importance.
Ancient historical people beginning with the...
Famous ancient people whose names begin with the letter H
187 Aristotle Quotes on Living Well
A list of Aristotle quotes. Quotations attributed to Aristotle.
How Do You Say Thank You in Latin?
: How Do You Say Thank You in Latin? What is the best way to say thank you in Latin? Is it gratias tibi
Brothel Pictures From Pompeii
Photos taken in Pompeii of the frescoes decorating the walls in front of the brothel (lupanar) and the individual rooms.
The 10 Greatest Ancient Military Leaders
List of the greatest warriors in the ancient world.
Why You Should Beware the Ides of March (Or Not)
The Ides of March was just another date on the Roman calendar until the fateful day in 44 B.C. when Julius Caesar was assassinated.
War Goddesses
A list of war goddesses from ancient mythology.
Top 9 Love Goddesses
Here are the top fertility and love goddesses of ancient mythology.
A Guide to Norse Mythology
Background information on Norse mythology. This section is on the Aesir and Vanir gods and goddesses.
Which Was the World's First Empire?
Answer to the question, Ancient/Classical History.
Read the Wisdom of King Solomon
The Biblical passage showing the classical example of the wisdom of Solomon.
A Quick Summary on the Life and Times of Julius...
Learn a dozen important facts about Julius Caesar. Page 2.
Who Can Name Jason's Argonauts?
A quick look at the identity of the Argonauts, the heroes who followed Jason on his quest.
What are the Names of the 5 Rivers of Hades?
An answer to the question. Ancient/Classical History.
The Greek Alphabet, From Alpha to Omega
The letters of the Greek alphabet.
Book of Daniel From the King James Version of...
Etext of the Old Testament Book of Daniel.
13 Basic Facts About Alexander the Great
Thirteen facts to know about Alexander the Great. Page 2.
Was Alexander the Great a Greek?
A major figure in Greek history, Alexander the Great conquered much of the world, spreading Greek culture from India to Egypt, but the question of whether Alexander the Great was actually Greek continues to spark debate. Here's a look at some arguments.
How Did Ancient Romans Keep Clean?
Roman Baths and Hygiene in Ancient Rome. Hygiene in ancient Rome included baths, toiletss, cleansers, access to facilities, and high standards of cleanliness.
When Did the Most Famous Greek Philosophers Live?
Timeline of Greek and Roman Philosophers.
What Happened When Rome Fell?
The Fall of Rome and the End of the Roman Empire in the west. Articles on the effects of certain emperors and barbarians on the fall of the Rome.
Was Hannibal Black?
Was Hannibal Black? Ancient/Classical History.
What Became of the Ancient Romans - Melting Pot...
Forum member provide their theories on what became of the Ancient Romans and their direct descendants
Which God Carried the World on His Shoulders?
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Who Was Moses?
Moses, the recipient of the Ten Commandments in the Bible, and a Hebrew prophet, was the leader of the Hebrew people when they left Egypt and wandered in the wilderness during the Biblical Exodus.
Learn About the Third of the Great Tragedians
Euripides, a Greek writer of tragedy, introduced drama about love to Old Comedy. Third of the great Greek tragedians, Euripides was born c. 484 B.C. and died 406 B.C., possibly in Macedonia, although that may have been one of the many fanciful legends created about this controversial playwright.
Horatius at the Bridge
Horatius at the Bridge poem by Lord Macaulay
Toga, Toga! 5 Facts About Ancient Greek Clothing
Five facts about ancient Greco-Roman clothing.
Aristotle's Take on Democracy
Aristotle argues that all forms of government have their problems, including, but not limited to democracy.
Find Out the Names of Every God and Goddess in...
The names of the gods and goddesses in the Iliad of Homer.
Who Said 'If You Want Peace, Prepare for War'?
Latin quote from Vegetius. Prepare for war and the Latin version of the quote from Vegetius.
How Ancient Greeks Believed the World Was Formed
Despite repeated parental attempts to eat or hide their offspring, the birth of the Olympian gods and goddesses including Zeus and Hera followed the emergence of the titans Cronus and Rhea who sprang from Uranus the sky and Gaia the earth.
The Death of Balder
The death of the Norse god Balder and the punishment of Loki.
Profile of the Greek God Apollo
Learn about Apollo, a very popular Greek and Roman god, his passions, gifts to mankind, and association with the sun. Also learn about Apollo's application in modern culture.
The 7 Romance Languages
Find out why we call these languages romance languages.
Is There Archaeological Evidence About the...
Archaeological evidence about the story of Abraham in the Bible.
What Is the Fertile Crescent?
The Fertile Crescent is a name for a relatively fertile arc-shaped area by the Mediterranean which covers Biblical lands, the Tigris and Euphrates, and the Nile Valley.
These Terms Will Help You Read Ancient History
The Ancient / Classical History glossary is an evolving resource on people and topics in ancient history, mythology and classical literature, mostly with very brief descriptions and biographies.
Don't Know Much About Greek Mythology? Read This
Greek mythology is one of the most fascinating and colorful topics connected with the ancient world. Here is an introduction to the mythology and gods and goddesses who still play a part in today's world.
5 Accomplishments of Julius Caesar
Read about five of the deeds and accomplishments of the great Julius Caesar.
What's So Interesting about the Roman Goddess...
Aspects of the goddess of love, the goddess Venus, the Roman Aphrodite.
Get Fast Facts on Greece
Fast Facts About Greece. Ancient / Classical History.
How to Write Greek Letters With HTML
If you don't have a font and only want to add a few letters of Greek, here is the code for upper and lower case Greek letters.
Discover the Two Types of Titans in Greek...
Learn about the two generations of the enormous mythological creatures known as Titans.
Why Are the Greeks Called Hellenes
How did the Greeks come to be named Hellenes and does that name have anything to do with Helen of Troy?
Chemosh - Lord of the Moabites
Chemosh was a god of the Moabites, who were related to the Israelites.
What's the Significance of Biblical Hebrew Names?
It's important to know the meaning and significance of Biblical and Hebrew names before you give one to your child. Here are resources especially for people in the process of finding a name for their newborn.
6 Fast Facts About Mesopotamia (Modern Iraq)
Learn these fast facts about Mesopotamia, the ancient land of modern Iraq and an area that included various, changing nations in the ancient world.
Strong Women in the Bible FAQs
The Holy Bible, in both Jewish and Christian versions, makes it clear that men were the bosses in most biblical settings. However, the answers to some frequently asked questions show that there were strong women in the Bible who stood out all the more because they surmounted or circumvented the patriarchy in which they lived. Some of these women are Deborah, Jezebel, Tamar, Ruth and Naomi.
How Did Buddha Achieve Enlightenment?
A basic glossary entry on Siddharta Gautama, the Buddha.
Who Were the Etruscans?
A look at the possible identity of the Etruscans.
Solomon - Learn About the Biblical King
Some of the main points to know about King Solomon
What Did the Ancient Romans Eat?
Do you think the Romans were the original bulimics with a vomitorium in every household? It may surprise you to learn most Romans ate modestly. Learn more about the Romans' foods and their diet.
The Life and Career of Pompey the Great
Information on Caesar's contemporary and opponent, Pompey, the Roman military leader who quelled the pirate menace and was named the great after the Mithridatic Wars.
What Was the World Like During the Roman...
Roman culture includes its architecture and technology, entertainment system, which includes gladiators and Roman theater, its literature, medicine, religion and myth, and philosophy.
Ancient China in Pictures
A step-by-step, look at ancient China, with photos and pictures.
The Unusual Birth of the Goddess Athena
Athena was the Greek goddess of wisdom also known as Pallas Athena. In ancient Rome, Athena was known as the Roman goddess Minerva.
The Brave Warrior Women of the Ancient World
Ancient women warriors. Ancient women who led troops into battle: Amazons, Queen Artemisia, Queen Boudicca, Queen Samsi, Queen Tomyris, Trung Sisters, Queen Zenobia.
The History Behind 'The 300'
Date and very brief description of the Persian War Battle of Thermopylae at which the Spartans, under Leonidas, fought bravely to their death.
Read about Paris, the Man Who Began the Trojan...
Read about the Trojan prince named Paris or Alexander who is charged with starting the Trojan War.
Latin Days of the Week
The Latin names for the days of the week.
Caligula "Little Boots"
The Roman Emperor Caligula was one of the Julia-Claudian emperors and is known as one of Rome's most depraved emperors. Page 4.
Do You Know All 5 of the Greek Underworld Rivers?
List of the rivers of the Underworld.
Learn About These Important Ancient Topics
Here are study guides on people and topics important for Ancient/Classical history.

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