Ancient / Classical History: Most Popular Articles
List of the ten plagues of Egypt.
Learn about the world's major gods and goddesses of love, war, childbirth, food, music, mischief, and all sorts of human-seeming foibles.
When do you use the common abbreviations i.e., and when do you use e.g., and what do they mean?
Roman and Greek names for the Olympians and the minor gods and goddesses.
English translation of the biography of Tiberius by Suetonius - The Life of Tiberius Nero Caesar.
Here are the major heroes of Greek legend. Two of them (Odysseus and Achilles) are from the Trojan War. The others were involved in adventures.
Which Greek Goddess Are You? Take this quiz to determine if you're a goddess of love or war or something
Learn the context of the famous 10 plagues in Egypt that led to the Biblical Exodus.
A brief version of the story of Pandora's Box
Read about some of the reasons for the Fall of Rome (or the decline of the Roman Empire) and the rationale behind the dates. There are many theories for the fall, some more, some less reasonable. You get to judge which is the best.
Take this little quiz to see which major ancient hero you are most like. Just don't take it too seriously.
A list of the sun gods from various ancient religions.
A list of war gods and goddesses from the mythology of the world.
Highlights of the Book of Ruth. Ancient / Classical History.
The Sword of Damocles was described by the Roman orator Cicero in his 'Tusculan Disputations'. Here's my explanation of the proverbial expression.
Leonidas was a king of Sparta who led a suicide mission against the Persians at Thermopylae during the Persian Wars.
Ares was a Greek god of war and homicide.
List of the greatest warriors in the ancient world.
Gods and goddess of the moons came in male and female forms. An alphabetical list of deities or personifications of the moon.
Hercules is such a popular figure from Greek mythology that you have undoubtedly heard of him or seen him in movies or on the television. If you want to know the basic facts and events of his life, here is the basic information the media uses to portray the demigod.
Learn about Apollo, a very popular Greek and Roman god, his passions, gifts to mankind, and association with the sun. Also learn about Apollo's application in modern culture.
The revolt of the slaves led by Spartacus the gladiator put a strain on Rome, but built up the heroic legend about its leader. Learn about the Roman failed attempts to stop the revolt and what actually led to Spartacus' downfall.
Constantine the Great of Constantine I was the first Christian emperor of the the Roman Empire.
Hercules didn't have an easy life, so you shouldn't be surprised to learn how difficult it was for him to die. Learn about his death and what came next.
Pontius Pilate has come down in history because of his role in the execution of Jesus.
Athena was the Greek goddess of wisdom also known as Pallas Athena. In ancient Rome, Athena was known as the Roman goddess Minerva.
Myths and Legends the story of Cupid and Psyche. Page 4.
The many wives of King David in the Bible played important roles in the history of Israel. Through their relationships, David's wives brought him political alliances and material wealth, as well as 19 sons and one daughter. Three of David's wives were especially significant to Israel's history. They are Michal, Abigail and Bathsheba.
Poseidon is a Greek god of the sea.
Aphrodite is the Greek goddess of love and beauty. Aphrodite was known Venus in Rome was a major goddess in ancient Greek mythology and in the Roman Vergil's Aeneid.
Learn a dozen important facts about Julius Caesar. Page 2.
Do you think the Romans were the original bulimics with a vomitorium in every household? It may surprise you to learn most Romans ate modestly. Learn more about the Romans' foods and their diet.
A look at how the Bible portrays Deborah as a wise and courageous judge of Israel.
The Ides of March was just another date on the Roman calendar until the fateful day in 44 B.C. when Julius Caesar was assassinated.
Read about the possible origins of an ancient symbol, the swastika.
What are the 12 tribes of Israel?
Who were the parents of Hercules?
Date and very brief description of the Persian War Battle of Thermopylae at which the Spartans, under Leonidas, fought bravely to their death.
Words for colors in Latin. Ancient / Classical History.
Here are the top fertility and love goddesses of ancient mythology.
List of ancient gods and goddesses by Culture.
Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt was an historical queen and last pharaoh of Egypt whose story has been retold in countless stories, plays, and movies.
Here are my selections for the most important names in ancient history. This list excludes people whose existence is disputed by most classical scholars.
Common theories or reasons for the fall of rome.
Hades is the Greek god of the Underworld.
A list of Roman gods and goddesses, compiled by Gregory Flood.
Dating Easter. The dates for Easter do not correspond with the dates of the Jewish Passover.
A list of Aristotle quotes. Quotations attributed to Aristotle.
Basic information on the Olympians of Greek Mythology.
Jewish months of the Hebrew calendar based on Babylonian month names.
Learn about the two generations of the enormous mythological creatures known as Titans.
Read about the important inventions attributed to early Greek scientists. This list is in chronological order.
Paul of Tarsus was a Jew who had Roman citizenship and tried to stamp out Christianity until he had a vision on the Road to Damascus.
Fighting in the arena for the entertainment of the population of the Roman Empire, gladiators were well-trained slaves, usually.
Perseus was a Greek hero known for the slaying of the Gorgon Medusa, whose head with its snaky locks, turned men to stone.
The names of the seven archangels vary somewhat.
Moses, the recipient of the Ten Commandments in the Bible, and a Hebrew prophet, was the leader of the Hebrew people when they left Egypt and wandered in the wilderness during the Biblical Exodus.
The Roman legions are the bodies of Roman soldiers responsible for creating the Roman Empire. Most of the soldiers were infantry, but there were also groups of cavalry, and auxiliaries. The size of these units changed over time.
Dionysus is the Greek god of wine and ecstacy.
Here are my choices for the most beautiful ancient women.
Learn the basics on the main gods and goddesses of Ancient Egypt.
My list of the worst Roman emperors.
Information about the Greek god Hades who abducted Persephone and made her the queen of the Underworld.
The abbreviation SPQR refers to the Roman senate and the Roman people. Here is a look at the Latin for each of the letters in the abbreviation.
Achilles was considered the greatest Greek hero of the Trojan War.
The Roman Republican form of government had three branches.
If you don't have a font and only want to add a few letters of Greek, here is the code for upper and lower case Greek letters.
The goddess Hera was the queen of the Greek gods, sister and wife of Zeus and goddess of marriage. Hera is described as a jealous goddess.
There are ancient traditions that may explain why we associate an Easter bunny with with Easter a holiday whose name, at least, we seem to have borrowed from Eostre, a Celtic goddess.
Thirteen facts to know about Alexander the Great. Page 2.
Here are the eight main gods of Greek mythology. Learn about their main powers and attributes.
Understanding how the Jews lived in Jesus' time requires reading the New Testament within the context of first-century Judaism and the Roman Empire. Biblical texts hold clues to the influences on Judaism of its religious heritage and Roman occupation.
Basic information on the titan or Greek god Cronos who was the father of the Olympian gods and goddesses.
Xerxes was a king of the Medes and Persians, who fought against the Ancient Greeks in the Persian Wars.
Learn what we think we know about the writer of one of the top three most popular books of all time.
Latin quotes for various occasions with translations, plus a few Greek quotes.
Lear these important to know facts about Cleopatra, queen of ancient Egypt. Page 3.
The editor of a gladiatorial match decided who lived and who died in the arena, although he usually paid some attention to the cries of the crowds and the gestures for mercy of the gladiators.
Aspects of the goddess of love, the goddess Venus, the Roman Aphrodite.
Thes Suetonius-based list includes Julius Caesar and the first 11 emperors of Rome, from the Julio-Claudians through the Flavians.
Babylonian Gods and Goddesses. Ancient / Classical History.
Here is a look at the major terms connected with the Hippocratic method and especially the ancient medical use of the theory of the four humors.
Bathsheba was King David's most famous wife because they committed adultery before they were married. David tried to cover up their affair after Bathsheba became pregnant, and David succeeded in getting her husband Uriah killed. Although the child they conceived during their affair died, David and Bathsheba had another son, Solomon, who was David's successor.
Time line of major events in the ancient history of the world. Most dates and events on the ancient history timeline are of political importance.
The Fall of Rome and the End of the Roman Empire in the west. Articles on the effects of certain emperors and barbarians on the fall of the Rome.
As a baby, Moses wasn't exposed, but he was stuck in a basket and set adrift amid the bulrushes. Read why and what happened next.
Timeline of the battles and chronology of the Persian Wars between Greece and Darius and Xerxes of Persia.
Most scholars think of Abigail as King David's wisest wife. By deflecting David's anger toward her first husband, Nabal, for refusing to give David and his men supplies, Abigail both saved her own household and kept David from a serious tactical error of murdering Nabal. Captivated by her beauty and wisdom, David wastes no time in marrying Abigail when her first husband dies. Abigail and David shared many characteristics that made Abigail the comrade that David needed for success.
Which Ancient Conqueror Are You? Take this quiz to determine which warrior you and your alter-ego really
Demeter Greek Goddess. Ancient / Classical History.
Names and categories of nymphs in Greek mythology.
Odysseus has been warned about the Sirens and knows that they are dangerous, so his men put wax in their ears, but Odysseus is tied to a mast. Page 6.
Roman and Greek names for the Olympians and the minor gods
Zeus is the name of the Greek king of the Gods, the equivalent of the Roman god Jupiter, a sky god.
Some basic comparisons between ancient Rome and ancient Greece, more specifically, ancient Athens.
The nine muses (Calliope, Urania, Euterpe, Thalia, Inspiration, Melpomene, Erato, Mnemosyne, Clio, Terpsichore, and Polymnia), their provinces and attributes.
A list of the armor and weapons the gladiators used for fighting.
Michal, daughter of King Saul, was David's first wife. The Bible reports that Michal loved David, but the context of the story seems to indicate that her love was not returned by her husband. Michal and David appeared to have been married in a political alliance. When David danced nearly naked before the Ark of the Covenant, Michal's rebuke drew a harsh reply from David. Michal and David had no children.
Basics on the Norse Thunder God Thor.
If it weren't for Prometheus, we wouldn't be here. Learn why.
Demeter, betrayed by her brothers Zeus, Hades, and Poseidon, loses her daughter Persephone. While Demeter goddess of grain mourns the loss of Persephone, she makes sure all mankind suffers with her.
It's important to know the meaning and significance of Biblical and Hebrew names before you give one to your child. Here are resources especially for people in the process of finding a name for their newborn.
Learn these fast facts about Mesopotamia, the ancient land of modern Iraq.
Mt. Vesuvius is a volcano in Campania, near Naples, Italy, whose eruption in A.D. 79 destroyed Pompeii and Herculaneum.
Read about five of the deeds and accomplishments of the great Julius Caesar.
A look at the possible identity of the Etruscans.
List of the major Greek goddesses in Greek mythology.
A barbarian to the Romans, Attila, a fierce warrior and king of the horse-riding Huns, harassed the Roman Empire during the fifth century and put the fear of god in all the peoples in his way.
A basic facts profile of the ancient Greek military leader Alexander the Great.
A list of major Celtic gods and goddesses.
A look at the causes and sequences of events leading up to the Peloponnesian War.
Read the basics about the Roman forum or Forum Romanum, by the Capitoline Hill, the center of life in ancient Rome.
Find out why we call these languages romance languages.
Rome spread from a single settlement on the Tiber. First it spread to the surrounding territory, then all of Italy, and then most of western Europe, north Africa, Greece, and Asia Minor.
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Nebuchadnezzar is best known for his Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world -- which he may not actually have created and the Captivity of the Hebrews.
Ancient Greek government varied from place to place and time to time.
Read about the myths and legends about the founding of Rome, the possible answers to the questions of who founded it and when Rome was founded.
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In Latin, words that mean may it be a happy birthday would convey the message of Happy Birthday.
Arius, the heresy named Arian after him, the controversy and adoption of the Nicene Creed at the Council at Nicea, and the changing reactions to the Arian heresy.
Short notes on individual Norse gods and goddesses in Norse mythology.
Horatius at the Bridge poem by Lord Macaulay: lars porsena thomas babington macaulay horatius at the bridge clusium southern sky
The name Cleopatra Queen of Egypt has often been used to mean a seductive beautiful woman, but Cleopatra may not have been beautiful at all.
Fast facts about the Olympian god Zeus.
Latin quote from Vegetius. Prepare for war and the Latin version of the quote from Vegetius.
Roman Baths and Hygiene in Ancient Rome. Hygiene in ancient Rome included baths, toiletss, cleansers, access to facilities, and high standards of cleanliness.
The death of Achilles by an arrow and the connection with the story of the Achilles Heel. Page 9.
What is an oculus? Ancient / Classical History.
The names and dates of the legendary kings of Rome.
The Bible story of Moses, the Hebrew giver of Jewish Law and the 10 Commandments
A description of the sequence of major events of the Trojan War and Homer's 'Iliad', starting with the theft by Paris of Helen of Troy.
Ancient women warriors. Ancient women who led troops into battle: Amazons, Queen Artemisia, Queen Boudicca, Queen Samsi, Queen Tomyris, Trung Sisters, Queen Zenobia.
Information on Hermes, the Greek god.
Bathsheba was King David's most famous wife because they committed adultery before they were married. David tried to cover up their affair after Bathsheba became pregnant, and David succeeded in getting her husband Uriah killed. Although the child they conceived during their affair died, David and Bathsheba had another son, Solomon, who was David's successor. Page 2.
Latin tenses for Latin verbs in the Indicative.
A few tables to help make sense of compound words by looking at the etymology, Greek and Latin roots and the prefixes and affixes.
What you should know about the Greek philosopher Plato.
The Holy Bible, in both Jewish and Christian versions, makes it clear that men were the bosses in most biblical settings. However, the answers to some frequently asked questions show that there were strong women in the Bible who stood out all the more because they surmounted or circumvented the patriarchy in which they lived. Some of these women are Deborah, Jezebel, Tamar, Ruth and Naomi.
Learn about Helen of Troy, the woman known for starting the Trojan War.
A list of war goddesses from ancient mythology.
Hannibal (Hannibal Barca) was the military leader of Carthage in the Second Punic War.
These are the dynasties of ancient China.
Five facts about ancient Greco-Roman clothing.
Veni, vidi, vici were the words Caesar used to succinctly convey his victory.
Myths about the Greek god Hades involving Heracles (Hercules), Persephone, and Theseus.
Timeline of Greek and Roman Philosophers.
King Darius I, an Achaemenid dynasty king, ruled the Persians.
Tiberius, the second emperor of Rome, was not flashy or charismatic enough to overcome either his sensible domestic policy or his gossip-filled seclusion from public life.
Fast facts about the Olympian god Hermes.