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Ancient/Classical History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
From Locusts to Boils, The 10 Plagues of Egypt
List of the ten plagues of Egypt.
The Right Ways to Use the Abbreviations i.e....
When do you use the common abbreviations i.e., and when do you use e.g., and what do they mean?
Top 10 Greek Heroes of Myth and Legend
Here are the major heroes of Greek legend. Two of them (Odysseus and Achilles) are from the Trojan War. The others were involved in adventures.
What Was Really inside Pandora's Box?
A brief version of the story of Pandora's Box
Major Gods and Goddesses of the World ...
Learn about the world's major gods and goddesses of love, war, childbirth, food, music, mischief, and all sorts of human-seeming foibles.
Greek and Roman Gods Everyone Should Know
Roman and Greek names for the Olympians and the minor gods and goddesses.
The Meaning Behind the Sword of Damocles
The Sword of Damocles was described by the Roman orator Cicero in his 'Tusculan Disputations'. Here's my explanation of the proverbial expression.
Why Did Rome Fall?
Read about some of the reasons for the Fall of Rome (or the decline of the Roman Empire) and the rationale behind the dates. There are many theories for the fall, some more, some less reasonable. You get to judge which is the best.
Which Greek Hero Are You?
Take this little quiz to see which major ancient hero you are most like. Just don't take it too seriously.
A Quick Summary on the Life and Times of Julius...
Learn a dozen important facts about Julius Caesar. Page 2.
A List of Ancient Sun Gods and Sun Goddesses
A list of the sun gods from various ancient religions.
What's the Difference Between the Greeks and...
Some basic comparisons between ancient Rome and ancient Greece, more specifically, ancient Athens.
How Tall Was the Great Pyramid?
The tallest of a cluster of three pyramids at Giza, the Great Pyramid has lost some height over the millennia due to erosion. How tall was it originally?
5 Accomplishments of Julius Caesar
Read about five of the deeds and accomplishments of the great Julius Caesar.
What Were the 10 Plagues in the Bible?
Learn the context of the famous 10 plagues in Egypt that led to the Biblical Exodus.
Which Greek Goddess Are You?
Which Greek Goddess Are You? Take this quiz to determine if you're a goddess of love or war or something
The 88 Gods and Goddesses of War
A list of war gods and goddesses from the mythology of the world.
Classic Myths and Legends You Should Know
Myths and Legends the story of Cupid and Psyche. Page 4.
How Did Hercules Die?
Hercules didn't have an easy life, so you shouldn't be surprised to learn how difficult it was for him to die. Learn about his death and what came next.
Is Ares Basically a B-List Greek God?
Ares was a Greek god of war and homicide.
The Life and Influence of Attila the Hun
A barbarian to the Romans, Attila, a fierce warrior and king of the horse-riding Huns, harassed the Roman Empire during the fifth century and put the fear of god in all the peoples in his way.
Hercules: The Basic Facts of the Major Greek...
Hercules is such a popular figure from Greek mythology that you have undoubtedly heard of him or seen him in movies or on the television. If you want to know the basic facts and events of his life, here is the basic information the media uses to portray the demigod.
What Did the Ancient Romans Eat?
Do you think the Romans were the original bulimics with a vomitorium in every household? It may surprise you to learn most Romans ate modestly. Learn more about the Romans' foods and their diet.
What's So Interesting about Deborah of the Old...
A look at how the Bible portrays Deborah as a wise and courageous judge of Israel.
Profile of the Greek God Apollo
Learn about Apollo, a very popular Greek and Roman god, his passions, gifts to mankind, and association with the sun. Also learn about Apollo's application in modern culture.
The 5 Worst Roman Emperors
My list of the worst Roman emperors.
The Many, Many Wives of the Bible's King David
The many wives of King David in the Bible played important roles in the history of Israel. Through their relationships, David's wives brought him political alliances and material wealth, as well as 19 sons and one daughter. Three of David's wives were especially significant to Israel's history. They are Michal, Abigail and Bathsheba.
What Are the Months in the Jewish Calendar?
Jewish months of the Hebrew calendar based on Babylonian month names.
The Spartan King Who Led the 300
Leonidas was a king of Sparta who led a suicide mission against the Persians at Thermopylae during the Persian Wars.
Here's Why These Are the Most Important People...
Here are my selections for the most important names in ancient history. This list excludes people whose existence is disputed by most classical scholars.
15 Translations for Colors in Latin
Words for colors in Latin. Ancient / Classical History.
Ancient China in Pictures
Trade and economy in ancient China. Page 5.
Most Beautiful Women
Here are my choices for the most beautiful ancient women.
Do You Know All 5 of the Greek Underworld Rivers?
List of the rivers of the Underworld.
What's Behind the Ancient Acronym SPQR?
The abbreviation SPQR refers to the Roman senate and the Roman people. Here is a look at the Latin for each of the letters in the abbreviation.
The Many Vital Contributions Ancient Greeks...
Read about the important inventions attributed to early Greek scientists. This list is in chronological order.
Learn 15 of the Most Important Deities in...
Learn the basics on the main gods and goddesses of Ancient Egypt.
13 Basic Facts About Alexander the Great
Thirteen facts to know about Alexander the Great. Page 2.
What Happened During the Shang Dynasty, and Why...
The Shang Dynasty of ancient China was the first dynasty in Chinese history with both archaeological and documentary (written centuries later) evidence.
The Unusual Birth of the Goddess Athena
Athena was the Greek goddess of wisdom also known as Pallas Athena. In ancient Rome, Athena was known as the Roman goddess Minerva.
What Are the Exodus Passages Listing the 10...
These are the 10 Commandments from the King James Version of the book of Exodus chapter 20, along with some comparisons to other versions.
Decide for Yourself: Is Atlantis Real or Fiction?
Atlantis is a story from Plato's Timaeus.
Who Were Hercules' Parents?
Who were the parents of Hercules?
The Roman Republic's 3 Branches of Government
The Roman Republican form of government had three branches.
Why You Should Beware the Ides of March (Or Not)
The Ides of March was just another date on the Roman calendar until the fateful day in 44 B.C. when Julius Caesar was assassinated.
A Guide to Norse Mythology
Background information on Norse mythology. This section is on the Aesir and Vanir gods and goddesses.
12 Ancient Lunar Luminaries
Gods and goddess of the moons came in male and female forms. An alphabetical list of deities or personifications of the moon.
What Was the Role of Perseus in Greek Mythology?
Perseus was a Greek hero known for the slaying of the Gorgon Medusa, whose head with its snaky locks, turned men to stone.
13 Ancient Cultures, and the Gods They Worshipped
List of ancient gods and goddesses by Culture.
Who Was Paul of Tarsus?
Paul of Tarsus was a Jew who had Roman citizenship and tried to stamp out Christianity until he had a vision on the Road to Damascus.
Helen and Paris: Their Relationship Started the...
Learn about Helen of Troy, the woman known for starting the Trojan War.
See Art Based on the Odyssey
Odysseus has been warned about the Sirens and knows that they are dangerous, so his men put wax in their ears, but Odysseus is tied to a mast.
Who Said 'The Face That Launched a Thousand...
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Do You Know Where Cleopatra Was Originally...
Lear these important to know facts about Cleopatra, queen of ancient Egypt. Page 3.
Facts You Probably Didn't Know About the Trojan...
A description of the sequence of major events of the Trojan War and Homer's 'Iliad', starting with the theft by Paris of Helen of Troy.
Get to Know the First Chinese Dynasty: Xia...
The Xia Dynasty of ancient China was the first dynasty in Chinese history.
The Dramatic Life of Cleopatra, Egypt's Last...
Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt was an historical queen and last pharaoh of Egypt whose story has been retold in countless stories, plays, and movies.
What Was the World Like During the Roman...
Roman culture includes its architecture and technology, entertainment system, which includes gladiators and Roman theater, its literature, medicine, religion and myth, and philosophy.
Do You Know the 9 Greek Muses?
The nine muses (Calliope, Urania, Euterpe, Thalia, Inspiration, Melpomene, Erato, Mnemosyne, Clio, Terpsichore, and Polymnia), their provinces and attributes.
The Family and Loves of the Greek God of the Sea
Poseidon is a Greek god of the sea.
Toga, Toga! 5 Facts About Ancient Greek Clothing
Five facts about ancient Greco-Roman clothing.
Reasons for the Fall of Rome
Common theories or reasons for the fall of rome.
Where Did the Greek God Hades Rule?
Hades is the Greek god of the Underworld.
Table of the Roman Equivalents of Greek Gods-...
Roman and Greek names for the Olympians and the minor gods
What's So Interesting about the Greek God Cronos?
Basic information on the titan or Greek god Cronos who was the father of the Olympian gods and goddesses.
How Important Was the Chorus to Greek Theater?
Learn these important points about Greek theater and especially Greek tragedy. Page 2.
How Spartacus Led a Slave Revolt and Defied Rome
The revolt of the slaves led by Spartacus the gladiator put a strain on Rome, but built up the heroic legend about its leader. Learn about the Roman failed attempts to stop the revolt and what actually led to Spartacus' downfall.
A Quick History on the Nymphs of Greek Mythology
Names and categories of nymphs in Greek mythology.
What's the Role of Hades in Greek Mythology?
Information about the Greek god Hades who abducted Persephone and made her the queen of the Underworld.
What Do We Really Know About the Life and Work...
Learn what we think we know about the writer of one of the top three most popular books of all time.
The Greek Alphabet, From Alpha to Omega
The letters of the Greek alphabet.
3 Myths Featuring Hades, the God of the...
Myths about the Greek god Hades involving Heracles (Hercules), Persephone, and Theseus.
What Happened When Rome Fell?
The Fall of Rome and the End of the Roman Empire in the west. Articles on the effects of certain emperors and barbarians on the fall of the Rome.
Why Dionysus Brought the Party with Him
Dionysus is the Greek god of wine and ecstacy.
The 10 Greatest Ancient Military Leaders
List of the greatest warriors in the ancient world.
Learn the Real Meaning Behind these Famous...
Latin quotes for various occasions with translations, plus a few Greek quotes.
Here's Why Mt. Vesuvius is the World's Most...
Mt. Vesuvius is a volcano in Campania, near Naples, Italy, whose eruption in A.D. 79 destroyed Pompeii and Herculaneum.
A Look at Bathsheba and King David's Romance
Bathsheba was King David's most famous wife because they committed adultery before they were married. David tried to cover up their affair after Bathsheba became pregnant, and David succeeded in getting her husband Uriah killed. Although the child they conceived during their affair died, David and Bathsheba had another son, Solomon, who was David's successor.
The Life and Career of Pompey the Great
Information on Caesar's contemporary and opponent, Pompey, the Roman military leader who quelled the pirate menace and was named the great after the Mithridatic Wars.
Who Were the Etruscans?
A look at the possible identity of the Etruscans.
Latin Learners, Start With This Guide to Latin...
Latin tenses for Latin verbs in the Indicative.
What's the Significance of Biblical Hebrew Names?
It's important to know the meaning and significance of Biblical and Hebrew names before you give one to your child. Here are resources especially for people in the process of finding a name for their newborn.
The Five Ages of Man
Among the creation myths of the Ancient Greeks is the story by Hesiod in his Works and Days about the five ages of man beginning with the Golden Age.
The 12 Greek Gods You Should Know
Basic information on the Olympians of Greek Mythology.
Demeter - By Her Brothers Betrayed
Demeter, betrayed by her brothers Zeus, Hades, and Poseidon, loses her daughter Persephone. While Demeter goddess of grain mourns the loss of Persephone, she makes sure all mankind suffers with her.
Ancient Greek Beliefs About Afterlife and the...
A look at what we know about the concept of Hades and the ancient Greek Underworld.
Why Was the Peloponnesian War Fought?
A look at the causes and sequences of events leading up to the Peloponnesian War.
Was Cleopatra Really as Beautiful as They Say?
The name Cleopatra Queen of Egypt has often been used to mean a seductive, beautiful woman, but Cleopatra may not have been beautiful at all.
Who Are the 7 Archangels?
The names of the seven archangels vary somewhat.
A Timeline for the Fall of Rome
A timeline showing a chronological list of only major events leading to the fall of Rome.
What's So Interesting about the Roman Goddess...
Aspects of the goddess of love, the goddess Venus, the Roman Aphrodite.
Veni, Vidi, Vici
Veni, vidi, vici were the words Caesar used to succinctly convey his victory.
Hermes Greek God
Information on Hermes, the Greek god.
Moses: The Baby in the Basket
As a baby, Moses wasn't exposed, but he was stuck in a basket and set adrift amid the bulrushes. Read why and what happened next.
Meet Justinian, the Last Great Roman Emperor
Justinian was a Roman or Byzantine Emperor.
10 Important Norse Gods and Goddesses
Short notes on individual Norse gods and goddesses in Norse mythology.
Myths About Aphrodite, the Goddess of Love and...
Aphrodite is the Greek goddess of love and beauty. Aphrodite was known as Venus in Rome and was a major goddess in ancient Greek mythology and in the Roman Vergil's Aeneid.
A Helmet, an Olive ... What Are Athena's Other...
A listing of Athena's symbols. Ancient / Classical History.
5 Fast Facts About the Olympian God, Hermes
Fast facts about the Olympian god Hermes.
10 Pivotal Greek Myths
They don't make hero stories like these anymore. Read up on Trojan War heroes and other Greeks who successfully battled impossible odds.
The When and Where of Major Events in Ancient...
Time line of major events in the ancient history of the world. Most dates and events on the ancient history timeline are of political importance.
The Growth of Rome
An introductory look at the growth of Rome, how Rome expanded its power to become master of Italy.
What Are the 10 Commandments?
What are the Ten Commandments from the Book of Exodus in the Bible?
The History Behind 'The 300'
Date and very brief description of the Persian War Battle of Thermopylae at which the Spartans, under Leonidas, fought bravely to their death.
Classical Abbreviations
A list of the abbreviations for classical works and authors with the full names spelled out.
Top 9 Love Goddesses
Here are the top fertility and love goddesses of ancient mythology.
The 6 Major Greek Goddesses
List of the major Greek goddesses in Greek mythology.
The Major Events of the Persian Wars
Timeline of the battles and chronology of the Persian Wars between Greece and Darius and Xerxes of Persia.
13 Important Events in the Life of Alexander...
Want to check which battle Alexander first fought in -- Chaeronea or Granicus or what year he became the leader of the Macedonians? This short timeline shows such events at a glance: A timeline of major events in the life of Alexander the Great.
How Great Was Constantine?
Constantine the Great of Constantine I was the first Christian emperor of the the Roman Empire.
Why Hera was not a Goddess to Mess With
The goddess Hera was the queen of the Greek gods, sister and wife of Zeus and goddess of marriage. Hera is described as a jealous goddess.
How to Say Happy Birthday in Latin
In Latin, words that mean may it be a happy birthday would convey the message of Happy Birthday.
How Did Ancient Romans Keep Clean?
Roman Baths and Hygiene in Ancient Rome. Hygiene in ancient Rome included baths, toiletss, cleansers, access to facilities, and high standards of cleanliness.
What Was Life Like During the Pax Romana?
Pax Romana is Latin for Roman peace.
Ancient History: How Abigail Helped King David
Most scholars think of Abigail as King David's wisest wife. By deflecting David's anger toward her first husband, Nabal, for refusing to give David and his men supplies, Abigail both saved her own household and kept David from a serious tactical error of murdering Nabal. Captivated by her beauty and wisdom, David wastes no time in marrying Abigail when her first husband dies. Abigail and David shared many characteristics that made Abigail the comrade that David needed for success.
A Profile of the Roman Emperor Tiberius
Tiberius, the second emperor of Rome, was not flashy or charismatic enough to overcome either his sensible domestic policy or his gossip-filled seclusion from public life.
The 6 Symbols of the Greek God Apollo
A listing of the symbols of Apollo the god.
Who's Who: Babylonian Gods and Goddesses
Babylonian Gods and Goddesses. Ancient / Classical History.
Etruscan Gods and Their Roman Counterparts
Gregory Flood's Etruscan Gods and Their Roman Counterparts. Etruscan counterparts of Roman gods and goddesses compiled by Gregory Flood.
Learn About the Dynasties of Ancient China
These are the dynasties of ancient China.
Cases of Latin Nouns
These are the main uses of the 7 cases of Latin nouns.
Celtic Gods and Goddesses
A list of major Celtic gods and goddesses.
The 7 Romance Languages
Find out why we call these languages romance languages.
Who Said 'If You Want Peace, Prepare for War'?
Latin quote from Vegetius. Prepare for war and the Latin version of the quote from Vegetius.
Read the Wisdom of King Solomon
The Biblical passage showing the classical example of the wisdom of Solomon.
Deucalion and Pyrrha
The story of Deucalion and Pyrrha is the flood myth of Greek mythology.
187 Aristotle Quotes on Living Well
A list of Aristotle quotes. Quotations attributed to Aristotle.
Names or Synonyms for Rome
Here are some of the names and synonyms for Rome.
The Death of Balder
The death of the Norse god Balder and the punishment of Loki.
A Profile of Cincinnatus, Leader of the Roman...
Profile of the Roman Lucius Quinctius Cincinnatus.
Rubicon - Crossing the Rubicon
What it means when we say someone, or specifically, Julius Caesar, crossed the Rubicon.
Beyond Russell Crowe: Everything You Need to...
Fighting in the arena for the entertainment of the population of the Roman Empire, gladiators were well-trained slaves, usually.
How Did Jews Live During Jesus' Time?
Understanding how the Jews lived in Jesus' time requires reading the New Testament within the context of first-century Judaism and the Roman Empire. Biblical texts hold clues to the influences on Judaism of its religious heritage and Roman occupation.
What Are the 12 Tribes of Israel?
What are the 12 tribes of Israel?
What Did Ancient Egyptians Eat?
Here are the basic foods the ancient Egyptians ate.
Find Out About the Roman Forum, the Center of...
Read the basics about the Roman forum or Forum Romanum, by the Capitoline Hill, the center of life in ancient Rome.
Do You Know All of Apollo's Mates?
Apollo mated with many women and a few men. He sired mostly males. His wives include Marpessa, Chione, Koronis, Daphne, Arsinoe and Kassandra.
Trojan War Tumblr
Were their ancient first-hand accounts of the Trojan War? Or were later authors writing fan fic about their mythical ancestors?
Why Was Hannibal, Rome's Biggest Enemy,...
Hannibal (Hannibal Barca) was the military leader of Carthage in the Second Punic War.
Is 'First Do No Harm' Really Part of the...
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Don't Know Much About Greek Mythology? Read This
Greek mythology is one of the most fascinating and colorful topics connected with the ancient world. Here is an introduction to the mythology and gods and goddesses who still play a part in today's world.
What are Moses' 10 Plagues?
Actually, the 10 Plagues associated with Moses were not created by Moses, but by his God. They helped Moses get what he wanted from the Egyptian Pharaoh.
Caligula "Little Boots"
The Roman Emperor Caligula was one of the Julia-Claudian emperors and is known as one of Rome's most depraved emperors. Page 4.
Who Was Moses?
Moses, the recipient of the Ten Commandments in the Bible, and a Hebrew prophet, was the leader of the Hebrew people when they left Egypt and wandered in the wilderness during the Biblical Exodus.
The Conflicts Leading to the Formation of the...
The 12 Tablets became law following the expulsion of the last king of Rome, Tarquin the Proud.
The Legend of Romulus and the Founding of Rome
Romulus was the first of the seven Roman kings and the founder of the city of Rome.
7 Points to Know About Ancient Greek Government
Ancient Greek government varied from place to place and time to time.
What Are the Elysian Fields?
Glossary entry on the Elysian fields.
The 3 Possible Ways a Gladiator Fight Could End
The editor of a gladiatorial match decided who lived and who died in the arena, although he usually paid some attention to the cries of the crowds and the gestures for mercy of the gladiators.
The Seasons and Elements of the 4 Bodily Humors
Here is a look at the major terms connected with the Hippocratic method and especially the ancient medical use of the theory of the four humors.

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