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Ancient/Classical History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
From Locusts to Boils, The 10 Plagues of Egypt
List of the ten plagues of Egypt.
In Other Words: Use the Abbreviations I.e. and...
When do you use the common abbreviations i.e., and when do you use e.g., and what do they mean?
The Ten Greatest Greek Heroes
Ten of the greatest heroes of Greek legend, including Odysseus, Achilles, Perseus, Theseus, and Hercules.
Ancient Greeks Blame Woman for the World's...
A brief version of the story of Pandora's Box
What's the Difference Between the Greeks and...
Some basic comparisons between ancient Rome and ancient Greece, more specifically, ancient Athens.
The Meaning Behind the Sword of Damocles
The Sword of Damocles was described by the Roman orator Cicero in his 'Tusculan Disputations'. Here's my explanation of the proverbial expression.
Why Did Rome Fall?
Introduction to the Fall of the Rome and the Decline of the Roman Empire: When Did Rome Fall, How and Why Did Rome Fall?
A List of Ancient Sun Gods and Sun Goddesses
A list of the sun gods from various ancient religions.
Every God and Goddess You Never Knew
An Index of Gods and Goddess of World Mythology, with Content from About.com's Vast Ancient History Archive.
Classic Myths and Legends You Should Know
Myths and Legends the story of Cupid and Psyche. Page 4.
How Did Hercules Die?
Hercules didn't have an easy life, so you shouldn't be surprised to learn how difficult it was for him to die. Learn about his death and what came next.
A Quick Summary on the Life and Times of Julius...
Learn a dozen important facts about Julius Caesar. Page 2.
Know Your Plagues: The Ten Plagues of Egypt
Learn the context of the famous 10 plagues in Egypt that led to the Biblical Exodus.
February Was the Cleanest Month of the Roman...
How did the ancient Romans come up with a name for February? It was a time to purify oneself and get down during some fun festivals.
5 Accomplishments of Julius Caesar
Read about five of the deeds and accomplishments of the great Julius Caesar.
The Pagan Roots of Valentine's Day
Origins and speculation about the Roman festival of Lupercalia
Greek and Roman Gods Everyone Should Know
Roman and Greek names for the Olympians and the minor gods and goddesses.
What's Good for the Goose is Good for the Gods
Did you know that the Roman goddess Juno's pet geese once saved the Eternal City from destruction?
The Ides of March
The Ides of March is a day on the traditional Roman calendar that corresponds to the date of March 15 on our current calendar.
Here's Why These Are the Most Important People...
Here are my selections for the most important names in ancient history. This list excludes people whose existence is disputed by most classical scholars.
Which Greek Hero Are You?
Take this little quiz to see which major ancient hero you are most like. Just don't take it too seriously.
What Happened During the Shang Dynasty, and Why...
The Shang Dynasty of ancient China was the first dynasty in Chinese history with both archaeological and documentary (written centuries later) evidence.
Most Beautiful Women
Here are my choices for the most beautiful ancient women.
What are Moses' 10 Plagues?
Actually, the 10 Plagues associated with Moses were not created by Moses, but by his God. They helped Moses get what he wanted from the Egyptian Pharaoh.
Is Ares Basically a B-List Greek God?
Ares was a Greek god of war and homicide.
A Timeline for the Fall of Rome
A timeline showing a chronological list of only major events leading to the fall of Rome.
The Greek Alphabet, From Alpha to Omega
The letters of the Greek alphabet.
Everything You Need to Know about Apollo
Learn about Apollo, a very popular Greek and Roman god, his passions, gifts to mankind, and association with the sun. Also learn about Apollo's application in modern culture.
Who Was Constantine the Great?
Constantine the Great was the first Christian emperor of the Roman Empire.
Decide for Yourself: Is Atlantis Real or Fiction?
Atlantis is a story from Plato's Timaeus.
13 Ancient Cultures, and the Gods They Worshipped
List of ancient gods and goddesses by Culture.
Immortal Combat: Gods of War You Never Knew
A list of war gods and goddesses from the mythology of the world.
What's Behind the Ancient Acronym SPQR?
The abbreviation SPQR refers to the Roman senate and the Roman people. Here is a look at the Latin for each of the letters in the abbreviation.
How to Say Happy Birthday in Latin
In Latin, words that mean may it be a happy birthday would convey the message of Happy Birthday.
The Roman Republic's 3 Branches of Government
The Roman Republican form of government had three branches.
The Many, Many Wives of the Bible's King David
The many wives of King David in the Bible played important roles in the history of Israel. Through their relationships, David's wives brought him political alliances and material wealth, as well as 19 sons and one daughter. Three of David's wives were especially significant to Israel's history. They are Michal, Abigail and Bathsheba.
Who Were Hercules' Parents?
Who were the parents of Hercules?
Before You Learn About the Greek Goddesses
These are the major goddesses of Greek mythology.
Myths Featuring the Great Titan Prometheus
If it weren't for Prometheus, we wouldn't be here. Learn why.
The History Behind 'The 300'
Date and very brief description of the Persian War Battle of Thermopylae at which the Spartans, under Leonidas, fought bravely to their death.
The Growth of Rome
An introductory look at the growth of Rome, how Rome expanded its power to become master of Italy.
Get to Know the First Chinese Dynasty: Xia...
The Xia Dynasty of ancient China was the first dynasty in Chinese history.
The 5 Worst Roman Emperors
My list of the worst Roman emperors.
Everything You Need to Know About Poseidon, The...
Poseidon is a Greek god of the sea.
Who Said 'The Face That Launched a Thousand...
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Do You Know All of Apollo's Mates?
Apollo mated with many women and a few men. He sired mostly males. His wives include Marpessa, Chione, Koronis, Daphne, Arsinoe and Kassandra.
Learn the Real Meaning Behind these Famous...
Latin quotes for various occasions with translations, plus a few Greek quotes.
How Cupid and Psyche Got to Their Happy Ending
Information on Cupid, particularly as in the myth of Cupid and Psyche.
Reasons for the Fall of Rome
Common theories or reasons for the fall of rome.
What Was the Role of Perseus in Greek Mythology?
Perseus was a Greek hero known for the slaying of the Gorgon Medusa, whose head with its snaky locks, turned men to stone.
The When and Where of Major Events in Ancient...
Time line of major events in the ancient history of the world. Most dates and events on the ancient history timeline are of political importance.
13 Basic Facts About Alexander the Great
Thirteen facts to know about Alexander the Great. Page 2.
The Dramatic Life of Cleopatra, Egypt's Last...
Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt was an historical queen and last pharaoh of Egypt whose story has been retold in countless stories, plays, and movies.
How Ancient Greeks Believed the World Was Formed
Despite repeated parental attempts to eat or hide their offspring, the birth of the Olympian gods and goddesses including Zeus and Hera followed the emergence of the titans Cronus and Rhea who sprang from Uranus the sky and Gaia the earth.
Who Was Moses?
Moses, the recipient of the Ten Commandments in the Bible, and a Hebrew prophet, was the leader of the Hebrew people when they left Egypt and wandered in the wilderness during the Biblical Exodus.
Everything You Need to Know About Hercules
Hercules is such a popular figure from Greek mythology that you have undoubtedly heard of him or seen him in movies or on the television. If you want to know the basic facts and events of his life, here is the basic information the media uses to portray the demigod.
Table of the Roman Equivalents of Greek Gods-...
Roman and Greek names for the Olympians and the minor gods
Everything You Need to Know About the Greek God...
Hades is the Greek god of the Underworld.
What Was the World Like During the Roman...
Roman culture includes its architecture and technology, entertainment system, which includes gladiators and Roman theater, its literature, medicine, religion and myth, and philosophy.
What Did the Ancient Romans Eat?
Do you think the Romans were the original bulimics with a vomitorium in every household? It may surprise you to learn most Romans ate modestly. Learn more about the Romans' foods and their diet.
How Taxes Led to the Fall of Rome
Rome fell or changed partly as a result of economic policies of the Roman emperors.
King Leonidas of Sparta and the Battle at...
Leonidas was a 5th century B.C. military king of the Greek city-state of Sparta.
The 9 Most Important Ancient Chinese Inventions
This is a list of the most important ancient Chinese inventions for people of the modern world.
Learn 15 of the Most Important Deities in...
Learn the basics on the main gods and goddesses of Ancient Egypt.
5 Fast Facts About the Olympian God, Hermes
Fast facts about the Olympian god Hermes.
What Was the Charge Against Socrates?
What was the charge against Socrates for which he had to commit suicide by drinking a cup of hemlock?
Five Ages of Man in Greek Mythology
Among the creation myths of the Ancient Greeks is the story by Hesiod in his Works and Days about the five ages of man beginning with the Golden Age.
What Do We Really Know About the Life and Work...
Learn what we think we know about the writer of one of the top three most popular books of all time.
Pregnant King Carries Baby in His Head: The...
Athena was the Greek goddess of wisdom also known as Pallas Athena. In ancient Rome, Athena was known as the Roman goddess Minerva.
Who's Who: Babylonian Gods and Goddesses
Babylonian Gods and Goddesses. Ancient / Classical History.
Why Was the Peloponnesian War Fought?
A look at the causes and sequences of events leading up to the Peloponnesian War.
The Many Vital Contributions Ancient Greeks...
Read about the important inventions attributed to early Greek scientists. This list is in chronological order.
Athena and Arachne's Weaving Contest -- Who Won?
Athena and Arachne have a contest in weaving, but the playing field is far from level.
Who Were the Etruscans?
A look at the possible identity of the Etruscans.
What Happened When Rome Fell?
The Fall of Rome and the End of the Roman Empire in the west. Articles on the effects of certain emperors and barbarians on the fall of the Rome.
Toga, Toga! 5 Facts About Ancient Greek Clothing
Five facts about ancient Greco-Roman clothing.
Hieroglyphs
Hieroglyphs are a type of ancient writing using pictures.
Which Greek Goddess Are You?
Which Greek Goddess Are You? Take this quiz to determine if you're a goddess of love or war or something
The Major Events of the Persian Wars
Timeline of the battles and chronology of the Persian Wars between Greece and Darius and Xerxes of Persia.
Fast Facts About the Greek God Zeus
Fast facts about the Olympian god Zeus.
Theatron
What is a theatron? Greek Tragedy term.
Meet Hera, the Queen of the Greek Gods
Hera was the queen of the Greek gods. She was known as Juno by the Romans.
The Legend of Romulus and the Founding of Rome
Romulus was the first of the seven Roman kings and the founder of the city of Rome.
A Profile of the Roman Emperor Tiberius
Tiberius, the second emperor of Rome, was not flashy or charismatic enough to overcome either his sensible domestic policy or his gossip-filled seclusion from public life.
Beyond Russell Crowe: Everything You Need to...
Fighting in the arena for the entertainment of the population of the Roman Empire, gladiators were well-trained slaves, usually.
How Important Was the Chorus to Greek Theater?
Learn these important points about Greek theater and especially Greek tragedy. Page 2.
Roman Valentine's Day Holidays - Cupid,...
Cupid, gamelion, Lupercalia, Hieros Gamos, and Valentine's Day. In the month for purification, February, one of the events involved ritual scourging of women by the luperci for the purposes of making them fetile.
What's So Interesting about Deborah of the Old...
A look at how the Bible portrays Deborah as a wise and courageous judge of Israel.
Profile of the Greek God Zeus
The Greek god Zeus was the top Olympian god in the Greek pantheon. Zeus is father of gods and men. He controls lightning and thunder.
The Life and Influence of Attila the Hun
A barbarian to the Romans, Attila, a fierce warrior and king of the horse-riding Huns, harassed the Roman Empire during the fifth century and put the fear of god in all the peoples in his way.
The 6 Symbols of the Greek God Apollo
A listing of the symbols of Apollo the god.
15 Translations for Colors in Latin
Words for colors in Latin. Ancient / Classical History.
Do You Know the 9 Greek Muses?
The nine muses (Calliope, Urania, Euterpe, Thalia, Inspiration, Melpomene, Erato, Mnemosyne, Clio, Terpsichore, and Polymnia), their provinces and attributes.
Latin Days of the Week
The Latin names for the days of the week.
Who Was Paul of Tarsus?
Paul of Tarsus was a Jew who had Roman citizenship and tried to stamp out Christianity until he had a vision on the Road to Damascus.
How Spartacus Led a Slave Revolt and Defied Rome
Learn about the slave revolt led by the Roman gladiator Spartacus.
What Are the Months in the Jewish Calendar?
Jewish months of the Hebrew calendar based on Babylonian month names.
3 Myths Featuring Hades, the God of the...
Myths about the Greek god Hades involving Heracles (Hercules), Persephone, and Theseus.
What's So Interesting about the Roman Goddess...
Aspects of the goddess of love, the goddess Venus, the Roman Aphrodite.
Latin Learners, Start With This Guide to Latin...
Latin tenses for Latin verbs in the Indicative.
12 Ancient Lunar Luminaries
Gods and goddess of the moons came in male and female forms. An alphabetical list of deities or personifications of the moon.
The 12 Greek Gods You Should Know
Basic information on the Olympians of Greek Mythology.
Moses: The Baby in the Basket
As a baby, Moses wasn't exposed, but he was stuck in a basket and set adrift amid the bulrushes. Read why and what happened next.
How to Write Greek Letters With HTML
If you don't have a font and only want to add a few letters of Greek, here is the code for upper and lower case Greek letters.
A Look at Bathsheba and King David's Romance
Bathsheba was King David's most famous wife because they committed adultery before they were married. David tried to cover up their affair after Bathsheba became pregnant, and David succeeded in getting her husband Uriah killed. Although the child they conceived during their affair died, David and Bathsheba had another son, Solomon, who was David's successor.
A Profile of Cincinnatus, Leader of the Roman...
Profile of the Roman Lucius Quinctius Cincinnatus.
Hermes Greek God
Information on Hermes, the Greek god.
13 Important Events in the Life of Alexander...
Want to check which battle Alexander first fought in -- Chaeronea or Granicus or what year he became the leader of the Macedonians? This short timeline shows such events at a glance: A timeline of major events in the life of Alexander the Great.
Aristotle's Take on Democracy
Aristotle argues that all forms of government have their problems, including, but not limited to democracy.
Asclepius the Healing God
The tragedy of Alcestis, by Euripides, came about because Zeus killed the son of Apollo, Asclepius, the healing god.
The Seasons and Elements of the 4 Bodily Humors
Here is a look at the major terms connected with the Hippocratic method and especially the ancient medical use of the theory of the four humors.
10 Hercules FAQs
Ten frequently asked questions about Hercules.
How Did Ancient Romans Keep Clean?
Roman Baths and Hygiene in Ancient Rome. Hygiene in ancient Rome included baths, toiletss, cleansers, access to facilities, and high standards of cleanliness.
How Democracy Helped Solve Ancient Greek Problems
Democracy Then and Now. A look at the meaning of the word democracy in ancient politics as contrasted with what we mean by democracy today.
Here's Why Mt. Vesuvius is the World's Most...
Mt. Vesuvius is a volcano in Campania, near Naples, Italy, whose eruption in A.D. 79 destroyed Pompeii and Herculaneum.
Myths About Aphrodite, the Goddess of Love and...
Aphrodite is the Greek goddess of love and beauty. Aphrodite was known as Venus in Rome and was a major goddess in ancient Greek mythology and in the Roman Vergil's Aeneid.
Why the Death of Attila the Hun Is Such a Mystery
There are so many mysteries of ancient history and the cause of the death of Attila is just one of them.
These Terms Will Help You Read Ancient History
The Ancient / Classical History glossary is an evolving resource on people and topics in ancient history, mythology and classical literature, mostly with very brief descriptions and biographies.
What You Should Know about Plato, One of the...
What you should know about the Greek philosopher Plato.
Facts You Probably Didn't Know About the Trojan...
A description of the sequence of major events of the Trojan War and Homer's 'Iliad', starting with the theft by Paris of Helen of Troy.
What's the Role of Hades in Greek Mythology?
Information about the Greek god Hades who abducted Persephone and made her the queen of the Underworld.
When Did the Most Famous Greek Philosophers Live?
Timeline of Greek and Roman Philosophers.
What's So Interesting about the Greek God Cronos?
Basic information on the titan or Greek god Cronos who was the father of the Olympian gods and goddesses.
Which Was the World's First Empire?
Answer to the question, Ancient/Classical History.
Celebrate Valentine's Day with These 5...
This Valentine's Day, celebrate five couples who defied the odds to be together - or died trying.
What are the Names of the 5 Rivers of Hades?
An answer to the question. Ancient/Classical History.
9 Goddesses of Love
Here are the top fertility and love goddesses of ancient mythology.
The Story of Cupid and Psyche - Apuleius' The...
English translation of the story of the Marriage of Cupid and Psyche from the Latin Golden Ass or Metamorphosis, by Apuleius.
The Rise and Fall of Julius Caesar's Political...
Julius Caesar and his rise to power in the Roman Republic and the relationship between Caesar and Sulla. Also, Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus as the First Triumvirate.
10 Greatest Military Leaders of All Time
List of the greatest warriors in the ancient world.
Why Dionysus Brought the Party with Him
Dionysus is the Greek god of wine and ecstacy.
Was Hannibal Black?
Was Hannibal Black? Ancient/Classical History.
A Helmet, an Olive ... What Are Athena's Other...
A listing of Athena's symbols. Ancient / Classical History.
6 Fast Facts About Mesopotamia (Modern Iraq)
Learn these fast facts about Mesopotamia, the ancient land of modern Iraq and an area that included various, changing nations in the ancient world.
Introduction to the Persian Wars (The...
Start here for information about the Persian Wars - a short overview of the conflict.
The 3 Possible Ways a Gladiator Fight Could End
The editor of a gladiatorial match decided who lived and who died in the arena, although he usually paid some attention to the cries of the crowds and the gestures for mercy of the gladiators.
What are the 3 Geographical Regions of Greece?
Basic information on the geography of ancient Greece.
How Did Jews Live During Jesus' Time?
Understanding how the Jews lived in Jesus' time requires reading the New Testament within the context of first-century Judaism and the Roman Empire. Biblical texts hold clues to the influences on Judaism of its religious heritage and Roman occupation.
Gupta and Harsha
India - Gupta and Harsha. The Classical Age refers to the period when most of North India was reunited under the Gupta Empire (ca. A.D. 320-550).
The Story of Moses
Articles on aspects of the story of Moses, including the burning bush.
What Are the Main Divisions of the Bible?
An answer to the question, Ancient/Classical History.
What Was Debated at the Council of Nicea?
Arius, the heresy named Arian after him, the controversy and adoption of the Nicene Creed at the Council at Nicea, and the changing reactions to the Arian heresy.
Deucalion and Pyrrha
The story of Deucalion and Pyrrha is the flood myth of Greek mythology.
Know Your Goddess: Aphrodite, Goddess of Love...
Fertility, love, and beauty were Aphrodite's specialty. Read articles about Aphrodite's roles from Greek mythology.
Read the Wisdom of King Solomon
The Biblical passage showing the classical example of the wisdom of Solomon.
Do You Know All 5 of the Greek Underworld Rivers?
List of the rivers of the Underworld.
Is 'First Do No Harm' Really Part of the...
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9 Accomplishments of the Ancient Chinese
Advances in technology and the arts and other accomplishments, especially in the area of technology in the ancient Chinese dynasties.
Diocletian
Roman Emperor Diocletian was one of the most unique emperors, at least from our perspective. He stepped down from office and not just once, but twice, and that after divying up his power into four parts. Page 28.
A Quick History on the Nymphs of Greek Mythology
Names and categories of nymphs in Greek mythology.

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