Augustus - From the St Petersburg Hermitage. First half of the 1st century A.D. marble.
CC Flickr User thiisbossi
Minoans, Macedonians, Athenians, Spartans, Corinthians, and colonists figure prominently in Greek history.
How do you learn about the ancient world? When did it start and stop? What areas of the world do you look at? Look here for answers.
Martius (March), the Roman month devoted to and named after the god of war, Mars, was so filled with celebrations -- fasti -- that there was a special day in it to rest from the festivities. It wasn't exactly like a month with nothing but weekends. There were happy occasions, but there were also fasts and a day for bloodletting. There was even a parade of pines or palms. If it's beginning to sound slightly familiar, it should. Easter and Lenten activities bear striking similarities with the first month of the (pre-Julian calendar) year -- March.
Read more in March Holidays in Ancient Rome.
Although we don't know for sure, this may be the date the great Roman satirist Juvenal (Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis) was born in c. A.D. 55.
Juvenal tells the reader his style of satire covers all aspects of real life, past and present. In reality, the topics center on all aspects of vice. His first satire is called programmatic because it describes what he says he is going to do in his satires. Juvenal sets the mood by saying he is going to get revenge against all the long-winded ramblings of others.
I can't resist saying that if Juvenal could actually avoid the faults of others (wordiness), he would be an interesting addition to the "people" I follow on 140-character-restricted Twitter -- like Julius_Caesar or Aesopus.
In ancient Rome, the second of March was also the second day of the festival of Mars.
Read more about This Day in Ancient History.