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Achilles - Greek Hero at Troy

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Achilles tending Patroclus' wounds from a red-figure kylix by the Sosias Painter from about 500 B.C.

Achilles tending Patroclus' wounds from a red-figure kylix by the Sosias Painter from about 500 B.C. in the Staatliche museum in Berlin.

Public Domain. Courtesy of Wikipedia. In the Staatliche Museen, Antikenabteilung, Berlin.
Definition:

Details on Achilles | Genealogy | Basics

Achilles is the quintessentially heroic subject of Homer's Iliad. The Iliad is a work of fiction about the Trojan War, but for those who want a date for the events, it might have happened in the 12th century B.C.

Achilles at Troy

Achilles is part of the Achaean (Greek) force in the Trojan War. Agamemnon leads the Achaeans to Troy to win back Helen for his brother Menelaus. Proud and autocratic, Agamemnon antagonizes Achilles, and so he sits out the fighting. At long last, revenge motivates him to join the fray after his friend Patroclus is killed by Hector, the greatest of the Trojans.

An enraged Achilles kills Hector and then dishonors the body by dragging it around tied to the back of a chariot for 9 days. The gods keep the corpse miraculously sound during this time. Then the father of Hector, King Priam of Troy, appealing to the better nature of the Greek hero, persuades him to return Hector's corpse to his family in Troy for proper funeral rites.

Family

Achilles is the son of the mortal Peleus and the nymph Thetis. Thetis tried to make her son immortal, in some accounts, by dipping him into the River Styx, while holding him by his left ankle. His heel was therefore the only portion of Achilles capable of sustaining a mortal wound, which he receives from a divinely-guided arrow shot by Paris of Troy. The mortality is also explained as having been caused by an unsuccessful application of the other treatment to imbue a mortal with immortality -- ambrosia by day and fire by night -- a technique the goddess Demeter once tried.

Pronunciation: a-kil'-eaz or a-kil'-yoos • (noun)
Alternate Spellings: Achilleus
Examples:
  • Brad Pitt played Achilles in the movie Troy (2004).

  • Elizabeth Cook wrote a novel of Achilles (2002). Read my review.

  • W. H. Auden published a poem called "The Shield of Achilles" (1952).

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